SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1996

Thermal Mechanical Fatigue Crack Growth in Titanium Alloys: Experiments and Modelling


Strain controlled thermal-mechanical fatigue crack growth (TMFCG) tests were conducted on two titanium alloys, namely Ti-6A1-4V and Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-6Mo, to evaluate the effect of phase angle between strain and temperature on the TMFCG rates. Three fracture mechanics parameters were used to correlate the data: the ΔK, ΔKe and ΔKeff. A fractographic study of the specimens tested under TMF was carried-out to identify the mechanisms responsible for cracking in these two titanium alloys. Hence, specimens tested under in-phase (εmax at Tmax), out-of-phase (εmin at Tmax) and counter-clockwise diamond (90° out-of-phase) conditions were compared to specimens tested under isothermal conditions (Tmin and Tmax) for different ΔKeff levels. The dominant TMF cracking mechanisms were mechanical fatigue (crack tip plasticity) and oxygen-induced embrittlement. The ΔKeff was found to be the only parameter to properly correlate all the data obtained under various testing conditions. A model is developed to predict the TMFCG rates based solely on isothermal data. The model uses a linear summation of the contributions to crack growth of the two dominant mechanisms which are active at the minimum and maximum temperature of the cycle. A discussion on the applicability of the model to predict the fatigue lives of actual components is discussed.

Author Information

Dai, J
Bombardier/Canadair, Ville St-Laurent, Québec, Canada
Marchand, NJ
AMRA Technologies, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Hongoh, M
Stress Analysis Group, Pratt and Whitney Canada, Longueuil, Canada
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Developed by Committee: E08
Pages: 187–209
DOI: 10.1520/STP16454S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5325-7
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-2001-3