In 1985, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) developed a Management Strategy for evaluation of dredged material alternatives which focused on contaminant testing and controls. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) later initiated development of a similar management strategy focusing on environmental considerations of disposal alternatives. A USACE/EPA work group was subsequently formed for the purpose of developing a joint Technical Framework endorsed by both agencies. In 1992, the USACE and EPA published the Technical Framework as a guidance document for their agencies' personnel to follow in identifying environmentally acceptable alternatives for the management of dredged material. The USACE and EPA are also cooperating in developing strategies for managing sediment remediation projects. This paper provides a summary of the strategies that can be used in management of contaminated sediments, a description of the more detailed guidance documents available, and plans for future developments.
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