SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 December 2011

Effects of Air Speed and Liquid Temperature on Droplet Size


Advancements in both application hardware (e.g., nozzles and spray assist devices) and spray property modification products have led to a number of products that are specifically designed to maximize the on-target deposition and minimize off-target movement of spray droplets. Testing protocols are being developed to objectively measure spray drift reduction from a wide range of drift reduction technologies (DRTs) including spray nozzles, sprayer modifications, spray delivery assistance, spray property modifiers (adjuvants), and/or landscape modifications. Using a DRT evaluation protocol, the objectives of this work were to study the effects of different air speeds on droplet size from different spray nozzles and spray solutions and to further evaluate the effects of differences in liquid and air temperature on droplet size at the different air speeds tested. Measured spray droplet size was significantly affected by changes in airspeed with the DV0.5 increasing by ~30–100 μm and the percent of spray volume less than 200 μm decreasing by 50 % or more as the tunnel airspeed was increased from 0.5 to 6.7 m/s (1 to 15 miles per hour), depending on the spray solution, spray nozzle, and air speed. The data also showed a lesser influence of temperature differential between the spray solution and ambient air, with the differences seen most likely resulting from changes in spray solution physical properties with the changes in liquid temperature. Most importantly, this study demonstrated that a reference nozzle evaluated under the same conditions resulted in the reduction in driftable fines while the DRT remained constant across all conditions tested.

Author Information

Hoffmann, W., Clint
USDA-ARS, College Station, TX, US
Fritz, Bradley, K.
USDA-ARS, College Station, TX, US
Bagley, W., E.
Wilbur-Ellis Company, San Antonio, TX, US
Lan, Yubin
USDA-ARS, College Station, TX, US
Price: $25.00
Contact Sales
Reprints and Permissions
Reprints and copyright permissions can be requested through the
Copyright Clearance Center
Developed by Committee: E35
Pages: 166–178
DOI: 10.1520/STP153720120012
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-9013-9
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-7523-5