SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1995

Reaction Sequences in Atmospheric Corrosion of Zinc


Frequent phase identifications of a large number of zinc panels exposed to different atmospheric conditions, both in national an international exposure programs, have revealed a variety of corrosion products. In order to extract basic information about the atmospheric corrosion processes involved, emphasis has been placed on more precise characterization of corrosion products, from the initial stages to full developed end products. Extensive field exposures under rain sheltered conditions have been performed in rural, urban, industrial and marine atmospheres. These programs have included different methods for surface and bulk analysis of corrosion products, as well as measurements of deposition rates for gases and aerosols, and measurements of climatic parameters. Depending on atmospheric conditions, the complex growth of corrosion products seems to result in end products containing at least one of the structurally related phases: Zn5(CO3) 2(OH)6, Zn5(OH)8Cl2 ∙H2O, Zn4SO4(OH)6 ∙ 4H2O, Zn4Cl2(OH)4SO4 ∙ 5H2O and NaZn4Cl(OH)6SO4∙6H2O.

This presentation discusses actual reaction sequences in the formation of the above-mentioned corrosion products in terms of structural chemistry and deposition rates for atmospheric constituents. Several of the reaction sequences seem to depend on actual deposition rates for sulfur dioxide (SO2) and chloride (Cl-) in the atmosphere.

Author Information

Odnevall, I
Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
Leygraf, C
Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
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Developed by Committee: G01
Pages: 215–229
DOI: 10.1520/STP14921S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5302-8
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-2015-0