SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1995

Constraint Effects on the Upper Shelf in Cracked Welded Specimens


Assessing crack initiation in welds is of importance for pressure vessels, since in safety analyses cracks are usually postulated in weldments. The toughness that represents the material's resistance to crack initiation is measured on specimens. The transferability problem of this parameter to cracked welds in structures of different geometry and subjected to different type of loadings is investigated. Detailed inite element analyses are conducted on specimens exhibiting a high mismatch between base and weld metal tensile properties, ductile tearing initiation is predicted using three different approaches. One is the local approach, which models the growth of cavities in front of the crack, the two other are the two-parameter approaches referenced as J-T and J-Q, which describe the singular crack tip stress-stain fields with the amplitude of the singularity and a second order term. In comparison to homogeneous weld metal specimens, it is concluded that the constraint effect in bimetallic specimens remains unchanged if the distance of the crack tip to the interface is not too small with respect to the ligament size and if the initiation load is less than the yield limit load.

Author Information

Franco, C
FRAMATOME, Paris-La-Défense, France
Gilles, P
FRAMATOME, Paris-La-Défense, France
Eripret, C
Electricité de France, DER, Les Renardières, Ecuelles, France
Nallet, S
University of Lyon, Lyon, France
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Developed by Committee: E08
Pages: 363–391
DOI: 10.1520/STP14643S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5305-9
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-2013-6