A review is presented of the state of the art in elemental analysis of petroleumrelated materials (crude oil, gasoline, additives, and lubricants) using modern instrumental analysis techniques. The major instrumental techniques used for elemental analysis of petroleum products include atomic absorption spectrometry (both with flame and with graphite furnace atomizer), inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, ion chromatography, microelemental methods, neutron activation, spark source mass spectrometry, and X-ray fluorescence. Each of these techniques is compared for its advantages, disadvantages, and typical applications in the petroleum field.
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