SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1996

Bulk Site Reference Materials


The selection, manufacture and use of Bulk Site Reference Materials (BSRMs) at hazardous waste sites is discussed. BSRMs are useful in preparing stabilization/solidification (S/S) formulations for soils, ranking competing S/S processes, comparing S/S alternatives to other technologies, and in interpreting data from different test types. BSRMs are large volume samples that are representative of the physical and chemical characteristics of a site soil, and that contain contaminants at reasonably high levels. A successful BSRM is extremely homogeneous and well-characterized. While not representative of any point on the site, they contain the contaminants of the site in the matrices of the site. Design objectives for a BSRM are to produce a material that 1) maintains good fidelity to site matrices and contaminants, and 2) exhibits the lowest possible relative standard deviation.

Author Information

Barich, JJ
Office of Research and Development, USEPA, Seattle, WA
Jones, RR
USEPA, Seattle, WA
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Developed by Committee: D34
Pages: 454–466
DOI: 10.1520/STP14131S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5318-9
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-1443-2