The objectives of this study were to assess the level of lead contamination at the U.S. Navy's small arms ranges, to determine the potential for non-point source pollution, and to select and apply a remediation technology suitable to such sites. A combination of screening and stabilization were selected as the best remedy following bench-scale and field-pilot testing. Binders tested at bench scale included cement, cement-silicate, and lime-fly ash. Optimum treatment was achieved with either cement or a combination of cement and silicate.
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