SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1995

Realism in Cyclic Cabinet Corrosion Testing of Coil-Coated Steel for Building Applications


ASTM B-117, Method of Salt Spray (Fog) Testing, is one of the most widely used methods for accelerated materials testing. The test is often used both for quantitative and for relative (i.e. ranking) performance testing of uncoated and particularly coated materials. Although the test is well accepted, the use of a continuous spray of 5% NaCl solution does not reproduce natural weathering conditions. In addition, assessment criteria are generally based on subjective methods such as visual standards. For these reasons the use of the unmodified test has recently become subject to extensive criticisms. Specific data from a controlled test programme on pre-coated steel panels are reported here and provide a direct comparison between B-117 and a cyclic wet/dry spray test using artificial acid rain solution. Results show that the angle to the vertical at which the samples are set (the pitch) is a major factor in achieving realistic data. This has relevance in the testing of coil coated products for use in the roofing and siding of buildings. Also the wet/dry test de-emphasises less important factors (such as blistering) while retaining significant discrimination to edge and scratch disbondment (at shallow pitch). Additionally, the use of objectivity in assessment of coating performance, for example by accurate measurement of degree of disbondment, is demonstrated in this work. The use of image analysis and digital imaging of current photographic standards as a properly objective tool is suggested.

Author Information

Lyon, SB
Corrosion and Protection Centre, UMIST, Manchester, UK
Scantlebury, JD
Corrosion and Protection Centre, UMIST, Manchester, UK
Johnson, JB
Corrosion and Protection Centre, UMIST, Manchester, UK
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Developed by Committee: G01
Pages: 3–17
DOI: 10.1520/STP14034S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5301-1
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-2014-3