Irradiation embrittlement in a low dose region was studied for an aluminum-killed carbon steel from the point of dose rate effects. The dose rate as low as ∼5x108 n/cm2/s (E> 1MeV) caused a Charpy transition temperature shift of more than 30°C after irradiation to ∼1017n/cm2 (E>1MeV) at 240°C, while a similar amount of Charpy shift was observed after ∼1018n/cm2 (E >1MeV) at higher dose rate (∼7x1011n/cm2/s). The effect of dose rate was obvious in the annealing response on hardness. The recovery characteristics indicated that more stable defects were produced in the material irradiated at a lower dose rate.
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