Off-axis tension (OAT) tests and biaxially loaded cruciform-shaped specimen (BC) tests on unidirectional fiber-reinforced metal matrix composites are subjected to detailed analyses using a newly developed model. The results indicate that the off-axis tension test is a viable method for biaxial stress-strain characterization of composites in the nonlinear deformation range. It is found that, besides being much more expensive to conduct, the specific cruciform-shaped specimen test considered in the study is less amenable to unambiguous interpretation.
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