Editor(s): Robert J. Johnson
Provides information concerning winter sports trauma -including alpine, cross country, and back country skiing, and snowboarding- and the means of its prevention. 16 peer-reviewed papers in 4 sections:
Safety and Behavior--6 papers including: a comparison of young injured and uninjured skiers and snowboarders regarding knowledge of safety rules; observations concerning vision, an essential factor for skiing safety; present customs and practices used by U.S. ski areas in developing and maintaining ski trails, and the means used to reduce the risk of injury; the hazard of fatal avalanches between 1986 and 1995 in Austria; and the effect of a warm-up program designed to reduce the risk of alpine skiing injuries.
Biomechanics--3 papers on ACL injury; snowboarding and ankle deflection; and injury mechanisms of the anterior cruciate ligament.
Bindings--3 papers on forces and moments measured at the toe and heel of bindings during skiing activities; signal detection theory to evaluate binding function; and the feasibility of releasable binds for snowboards.
Epidemiology--4 papers cover: a study of snowboarding injuries from 1988-1996 in Colorado; spinal cord injuries involving skiers; femur fractures; and an evaluation of the epidemiology of 70,000 injured skiers and 8,000 snowboarders.
AJ Macnab, RE Cadman, JV Greenlaw
V Senner, G Jendrusch, P Schaff, H Heck
G Jendrusch, V Senner, P Schaff, H Heck
M Burtscher, W Nachbauer
K Whelan, E Gass, C Moran
M Barone, V Senner, P Schaff
ML Hull, M Estes, E Wang
JM Bach, ML Hull
IS Scher, CD Mote
JE Shealy, CF Ettlinger, RJ Johnson
A Bally, F Shneegans
PC Janes, P Abbott
AR Meyers, B Misra
JD Laporte, MH Binet, D Constans
C Boldrino, G Furian