SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1994

Head and Neck Injuries in Equestrian Sports


Horse activities have a large number of participants in the United States. Most accident occur in leisure activities making record keeping difficult. Horse activities are relatively safety ranking 67 in the number of admissions to hospital emergency rooms in the USA. Injuries when they occur to equestrians tends to be severe.

Statistics from Medical Examiners in the United States and morbidity studies from Australia and New Zealand are given as well as statistics from four sources: the National Electronic Surveillance System (NEISS), the Justin Sportsmedicine Program, the National Park System visitor and employee injuries and the United States Pony Clubs.

The figures show head/face/neck injuries in horseback riding are frequent and severe and can be prevented or reduced in severity by wearing secured ASTM SEI protective helmet. The horse and academic community by communication and cooperation should design studies which can provide information needed to prevent these injuries.

Author Information

Bixby-Hammett, DM
American Medical Equestrian Association, Waynesville, NC
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Developed by Committee: F08
Pages: 28–36
DOI: 10.1520/STP12801S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5282-3
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-1886-7