SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1999

Warm-Up Efficacy in Alpine Conditions


The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a warm-up program designed for downhill skiing, performed on the snow, did in fact “warm-up” the body.

Eight recreational skiers were randomly allocated and participated in both the experimental (warm-up followed by skiing for 90 min) and control conditions (skiing for 90 min). Measures of rectal (Tre) and skin temperature (Tsk), heart rate (HR), and flexibility were taken. The main analyses used were planned contrasts on repeated measures ANOVA.

Participation in the warm-up program resulted in significant increases in: Tre (df = 1,6; F = 8.196; p = 0.0076); HR (df = 1,7; F = 32.972; p = 0.0001); and flexibility (df = 1,6; F = 10.145; p = 0.0034) when compared to the control condition. These findings demonstrate that the program was effective in warming up the body.

Author Information

Whelan, K
The University of Sydney, Lidcombe, New South Wales, Australia
Gass, E
School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Griffith University, PMB 50 Gold Coast Mail Centre, Queensland, Australia
Moran, C
School of Social Work, University of New South Wales, Anzac Pde Kensington, New South Wales, Australia
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Developed by Committee: F27
Pages: 50–60
DOI: 10.1520/STP12357S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5398-1
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-2612-1