SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1997

Reference Toxicants for Toxicity Testing Using in Aquatic Media


Caenorhabditis elegans aquatic toxicity assays were standardized with five common reference toxicants: CdCl2, NaCl, KCl, sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), and sodium pentachlorophenate (PCP). Aquatic toxicity testing was conducted in 3 media: a standard C. elegans medium; EPA moderately hard reconstituted water; and EPA moderately hard mineral water. Test duration in each medium was 24h without a food source, and 24h and 48h with Escherichia coli strain OP50 as a food source. Each test was replicated three times with each replicate having 6 wells per concentration, 10 worms per well. LC50 values were calculated using probit analysis. The average LC50s for each set of replications were compared to assess sensitivity and reproducibility of the data, identifying expected variation between replicate tests. These reference toxicants increase the database for C. elegans and provide a benchmark for further application.

Author Information

Cressman, CP
University of Georgia, Athens, GA
Williams, PL
University of Georgia, Athens, GA
Price: $25.00
Contact Sales
Reprints and Permissions
Reprints and copyright permissions can be requested through the
Copyright Clearance Center
Developed by Committee: E47
Pages: 518–532
DOI: 10.1520/STP12259S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5370-7
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-2474-5