SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1997

The Physics of Baseball; the Standardization of Balls and Bats for Recreational Softball


An analysis of the effects on ball velocity and flight of the development of highly elastic softballs and bats suggests that it is necessary to constrain the elasticity of ball and bat to preserve the integrity of slow-pitch softball and to ensure the safety of the players.

Author Information

Adair, RK
Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut
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Developed by Committee: F08
Pages: 21–28
DOI: 10.1520/STP11864S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5368-4
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-2475-2