SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1997

Influence of Initial Hydration Conditions on GCL Leachate Permeability


Modern landfill liners typically contain several geosynthetics and natural omponents integrated into a system whose primary function is the containment of waste and leachate. One of these hydraulic barrier components is represented by Geosynthetic Clay Liners (GCL). The GCLs are factory manufactured hydraulic barriers consisting of bentonite clay supported by geotextiles or geomembranes. Since the waterproofing function is assured by the bentonite clay it is therefore advisable to verify its chemical compatibility with the leachate and its effect upon the hydraulic conductivity value. According to the climatic situations occurring between the GCLs and waste installation, the leachate exposure moment can correspond to various GCLs hydration degrees. In this context, this paper aims at analyzing the total or partially hydrated GCL's behavior after a long time exposure to leachate. The permeability tests carried out for two needle-punched GCLs in three situations (saturated with water, water partially hydrated and saturated with leachate) show an important variation of the permeability with the hydration degree.

Author Information

Didier, G
INSA Lyon, Villeurbanne, France
Comeaga, L
INSA Lyon, Villeurbanne, France
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Developed by Committee: D35
Pages: 181–195
DOI: 10.1520/STP11802S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5364-6
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-2471-4