SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1997

Short-Term and Creep Shear Characteristics of a Needlepunched Thermally Locked Geosynthetic Clay Liner


A series of constant-rate direct shear tests were conducted on a needlepunched thermally locked geosynthetic clay liner (GCL) in accordance with ASTM Test Method for Determining the Coefficient of Soil and Geosynthetic or Geosynthetic and Geosynthetic Friction by the Direct Shear Method (D 5321). The test results demonstrate that the needlepunched thermally locked reinforcing fibers provide substantial short-term shear strength to a GCL. However, there is a growing concern that the long-term shear strength of this type of GCL can be affected due to the potential of creep within the reinforcing fibers under sustained constant loads which occur in the field. An attempt was made to address this concern through an incrementally-loaded creep shear test conducted in a newly developed constant-load (creep) shear testing device. The results of the creep shear test to date show that the GCL has undergone relatively small shear displacements with incremental shear rates decreasing with time within each loading phase.

Author Information

Siebken, JR
National Seal Company, Galesburg, IL
Swan, RH
GeoSyntec Consultants, Soil-Geosynthetic Interaction Testing Laboratory, Atlanta, GA
Yuan, Z
GeoSyntec Consultants, Soil-Geosynthetic Interaction Testing Laboratory, Atlanta, GA
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Developed by Committee: D35
Pages: 89–102
DOI: 10.1520/STP11796S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5364-6
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-2471-4