SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 2004

The Values of Coaches and Players About Rule Infractions, Violence, and Ethics


Studies on moral education in sport suggest that a sport like ice hockey which is a competitive male contact sport is an excellent context to study values and moral education. Using an ethnography approach, the researcher followed the activities of a Bantam (14–15 years) AA team during an entire season. Among the data collected are interviews with the head coach and some players (n=8) on 10 specific events that happened during the season and were recorded on videotape. Analysis of the interview transcripts shows similarities in the players' and coach's comments. The analysis also confirmed the presence of a subculture where (a) the opponent should be viewed as an enemy, (b) there is no respect for the opponent and (c) in certain situations players must infringe upon the rules. The actual practice of ice hockey does not provide youth hockey players with opportunities to acquire moral values that will make them better citizens.

Author Information

Bernard, D
Université Laval, Québec, Québec, Canada
Trudel, P
School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
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Developed by Committee: F08
Pages: 152–166
DOI: 10.1520/STP11616S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5493-3
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-3473-7