SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 2002

Scanning Atomic-Force Microscopy on Initiation and Growth Behavior of Fatigue Slip-Bands in α-Brass


Slip-band formation and fatigue crack-initiation processes in α-brass were observed by means of atomic force microscopy (AFM), and the effects of the grain size and the stress amplitude were discussed. In a fine grain material, fatigue cracks were initiated only from slip-bands. In a coarse grain material, however, they were initiated either from slip-bands or grain boundaries. The depth of an intrusion drastically increased with its outgrowth to a crack, and with coalescence of cracks, the width of cracks increased rapidly.

The depth of an intrusion increased with the number of loading cycles, and when the depth reaches a critical value, a transgranular crack was initiated from the intrusion. The critical value was given as a function of the slip-band angle relative to the stress axis. From the AFM observations, it was found that the critical value of the slip distance was independent of the slip-band angle relative to the stress axis, the stress amplitude, and the grain-size. For crack-initiations from grain boundaries, however, the value of the grain boundary depth at the crack initiation was not a unique function of the grain boundary angle relative to the stress axis.

Author Information

Nakai, Y
Kobe University, Kobe, Japan
Kusukawa, T
Yamatake Building Systems, Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan
Hayashi, N
Minolta Co., Ltd., Osaka, Japan
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Developed by Committee: E08
Pages: 122–135
DOI: 10.1520/STP10587S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5460-5
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-2888-0