Friction on ice in driving, running, and walking situations is important for winter activities in Alaska. In order to simulate the friction, we designed a traction-measuring device fitting to low-temperature applications. By using a hydraulic system we apply a load ranging from less than one pound to as high as five hundred pounds. The static friction can be measured by moving the ice block against any materials desired. Results showed that the ice surface changes according to applied load, sliding speed, and temperature. This device is capable of providing insight of tribological behavior of ice and snow against materials such as automobile tires and shoe materials, etc.
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