Work Item
ASTM WK71320

New Practice for Coding Copper Alloy Manufactured Articles for End-of-Life Scrap Segregation

1. Scope

The formulation and standardization of specifications, the development of qualifications data and test methods, and the stimulation of research on copper refinery shapes, copper and copper alloy castings, and copper and copper alloy wrought products. The committee participates in joint activity with other committees on related matters of mutual interest.
Refinery shapes include cathodes, cakes, slabs, billets, wire rod and wire bars. Castings include ingots for remelting, deoxidizers, and hardeners for copper and copper-base alloys and sand, centrifugal, die, precision and continuous cast products. Wrought products include fabricated flat products (plate, bar, sheet, strip, foil, and flat wire), rod, wire shapes, forgings, pipe and tubular products, cartridge case and bullet jacket cups.


Brass; Bronze; Recycling; Product Markings; End-of-Life Scrap; Copper; Copper Alloys; Castings; Forgings


The increasing presence of different copper alloy compositions in the scrap stream presents challenges in establishing separate recycling loops for incompatible alloy composition grades (e.g. lead-containing and silicon-containing brasses). Identifying and segregating scrap from different alloy grades is especially difficult for end-of-life products (e.g. cast water meters) as many alloys are visually indistinguishable. Developing a standardized product coding/marking system would offer a low-tech solution to facilitate the sortation of scrap from different alloy compositions and reduce the potential for co-mingling of incompatible alloy grades. For appropriate products/applications, manufacturers of copper alloy articles would use the standard to incorporate the harmonized codes/markings directly on the products in a discreet location that does not impact functionality. Scrap collectors, processors and re-melters would use the standard markings to facilitate manual or automated sortation processes to segregate scrap by alloy grade, or identify potential contaminants during inspection.

The title and scope are in draft form and are under development within this ASTM Committee.


Developed by Subcommittee: B05.08

Committee: B05

Staff Manager: Jennifer Rodgers

Work Item Status

Date Initiated: 01-07-2020

Technical Contact: Adam Estelle

Item: 000