ASTM's thermal analysis standards provide the test methods, practices, and terminologies relevant to the execution of thermal analytical techniques. Thermal analysis is a form of analytical technique most commonly used in the branch of materials science where changes in the properties of materials are examined with respect to temperature. Common types include interferometry, thermomechanical and thermophysical analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, and thermogravimetry among others. These thermal analysis standards are instrumental in guiding laboratories and their respective scientists and engineers in the proper procedures to follow when performing these thermal analytical methods.

Thermal Analysis Standards

ASTM's thermal analysis standards provide the test methods, practices, and terminologies relevant to the execution of thermal analytical techniques. Thermal analysis is a form of analytical technique most commonly used in the branch of materials science where changes in the properties of materials are examined with respect to temperature. Common types include interferometry, thermomechanical and thermophysical analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, and thermogravimetry among others. These thermal analysis standards are instrumental in guiding laboratories and their respective scientists and engineers in the proper procedures to follow when performing these thermal analytical methods.

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Calorimetry and Mass Loss

E2069-19 Standard Test Method for Temperature Calibration on Cooling of Differential Scanning Calorimeters

E2008-17(2021) Standard Test Methods for Volatility Rate by Thermogravimetry

E1582-21 Standard Test Method for Temperature Calibration of Thermogravimetric Analyzers

E967-18 Standard Test Method for Temperature Calibration of Differential Scanning Calorimeters and Differential Thermal Analyzers

E2403-06(2018) Standard Test Method for Sulfated Ash of Organic Materials by Thermogravimetry

E1269-11(2018) Standard Test Method for Determining Specific Heat Capacity by Differential Scanning Calorimetry

E2041-13(2018) Standard Test Method for Estimating Kinetic Parameters by Differential Scanning Calorimeter Using the Borchardt and Daniels Method

E1719-12(2018) Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Liquids by Ebulliometry

E2160-04(2018) Standard Test Method for Heat of Reaction of Thermally Reactive Materials by Differential Scanning Calorimetry

E2070-13(2018) Standard Test Methods for Kinetic Parameters by Differential Scanning Calorimetry Using Isothermal Methods

E698-18 Standard Test Method for Kinetic Parameters for Thermally Unstable Materials Using Differential Scanning Calorimetry and the Flynn/Wall/Ozawa Method

E1858-08(2015)e1 Standard Test Methods for Determining Oxidation Induction Time of Hydrocarbons by Differential Scanning Calorimetry

E968-02(2014) Standard Practice for Heat Flow Calibration of Differential Scanning Calorimeters

E1641-18 Standard Test Method for Decomposition Kinetics by Thermogravimetry Using the Ozawa/Flynn/Wall Method

E1131-20 Standard Test Method for Compositional Analysis by Thermogravimetry

E793-06(2018) Standard Test Method for Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization by Differential Scanning Calorimetry

E928-19 Standard Test Method for Purity by Differential Scanning Calorimetry

E2716-09(2014) Standard Test Method for Determining Specific Heat Capacity by Sinusoidal Modulated Temperature Differential Scanning Calorimetry

E794-06(2018) Standard Test Method for Melting And Crystallization Temperatures By Thermal Analysis

E2040-19 Standard Test Method for Mass Scale Calibration of Thermogravimetric Analyzers

E1356-08(2014) Standard Test Method for Assignment of the Glass Transition Temperatures by Differential Scanning Calorimetry

E2009-08(2014)e1 Standard Test Methods for Oxidation Onset Temperature of Hydrocarbons by Differential Scanning Calorimetry

E2038-99(2004) Standard Test Method for Temperature Calibration of Dielectric Analyzers (Withdrawn 2009)

E1868-10(2021) Standard Test Methods for Loss-On-Drying by Thermogravimetry

E2550-21 Standard Test Method for Thermal Stability by Thermogravimetry

E2958-21 Standard Test Methods for Kinetic Parameters by Factor Jump/Modulated Thermogravimetry

E2890-21 Standard Test Method for Determination of Kinetic Parameters and Reaction Order for Thermally Unstable Materials by Differential Scanning Calorimetry Using the Kissinger and Farjas Methods

E2602-22 Standard Test Methods for Assignment of the Glass Transition Temperature by Modulated Temperature Differential Scanning Calorimetry

E3174-22 Standard Practice for Determination of Kinetic Reaction Model Using Differential Scanning Calorimetry

E1782-22 Standard Test Method for Determining Vapor Pressure by Thermal Analysis

Fundamental, Statistical and Mechanical Properties

E2402-19 Standard Test Method for Mass Loss, Residue, and Temperature Measurement Validation of Thermogravimetric Analyzers

E2206-21 Standard Test Method for Force Calibration of Thermomechanical Analyzers

E1877-21 Standard Practice for Calculating Thermal Endurance of Materials from Thermogravimetric Decomposition Data

E2347-21 Standard Test Method for Indentation Softening Temperature by Thermomechanical Analysis

E2253-21 Standard Test Method for Temperature and Enthalpy Measurement Validation of Differential Scanning Calorimeters

E1952-17 Standard Test Method for Thermal Conductivity and Thermal Diffusivity by Modulated Temperature Differential Scanning Calorimetry

E2769-18 Standard Test Method for Elastic Modulus by Thermomechanical Analysis Using Three-Point Bending and Controlled Rate of Loading

E1824-19 Standard Test Method for Assignment of a Glass Transition Temperature Using Thermomechanical Analysis: Tension Method

E2113-18 Standard Test Method for Length Change Calibration of Thermomechanical Analyzers

E1860-13(2018) Standard Test Method for Elapsed Time Calibration of Thermal Analyzers

E2254-18 Standard Test Method for Storage Modulus Calibration of Dynamic Mechanical Analyzers

E1867-18 Standard Test Methods for Temperature Calibration of Dynamic Mechanical Analyzers

E3142-18a Standard Test Method for Thermal Lag of Thermal Analysis Apparatus

E2918-18a Standard Test Method for Performance Validation of Thermomechanical Analyzers

E1363-18 Standard Test Method for Temperature Calibration of Thermomechanical Analyzers

E2092-18a Standard Test Method for Distortion Temperature in Three-Point Bending by Thermomechanical Analysis

E831-19 Standard Test Method for Linear Thermal Expansion of Solid Materials by Thermomechanical Analysis

E1640-18 Standard Test Method for Assignment of the Glass Transition Temperature By Dynamic Mechanical Analysis

E1953-20 Standard Practice for Description of Thermal Analysis and Rheology Apparatus

E2551-20 Standard Test Methods for Humidity Calibration (or Conformation) of Humidity Generators for Use with Thermogravimetric Analyzers

E2425-21 Standard Test Method for Loss Modulus Conformance of Dynamic Mechanical Analyzers

E2039-04 Standard Test Method for Determining and Reporting Dynamic Dielectric Properties (Withdrawn 2009)

E2744-21 Standard Test Method for Pressure Calibration of Thermal Analyzers

E1970-16(2021) Standard Practice for Statistical Treatment of Thermoanalytical Data

E2071-21 Standard Practice for Calculating Heat of Vaporization or Sublimation from Vapor Pressure Data

E3301-22 Standard Test Method for Temperature Calibration of Dynamic Mechanical Analyzers Using Thermal Lag

E1545-22 Standard Test Method for Assignment of the Glass Transition Temperature by Thermomechanical Analysis

Microcalorimetry

E2603-15 Standard Practice for Calibration of Fixed-Cell Differential Scanning Calorimeters

Nomenclature and Definitions

E2161-22b Standard Terminology Relating to Performance Validation in Thermal Analysis and Rheology

E1142-22b Standard Terminology Relating to Thermophysical Properties

E473-22d Standard Terminology Relating to Thermal Analysis and Rheology

Reference Materials

E3007-21 Standard Practice for Selection and Use of Kinetic Reference Values in the Study of Decomposition Reactions by Thermogravimetry

E2781-16 Standard Practice for Evaluation of Methods for Determination of Kinetic Parameters by Calorimetry and Differential Scanning Calorimetry

Rheology

E2975-16e1 Standard Test Method for Calibration or Calibration Verification of Concentric Cylinder Rotational Viscometers

E3116-18 Standard Test Method for Viscosity Measurement Validation of Rotational Viscometers

E2510-20 Standard Test Method for Torque Calibration or Conformance of Rheometers

E2509-21 Standard Test Method for Temperature Calibration of Rheometers in Isothermal Mode

E3070-22e1 Standard Test Method for Shear Thinning Index of Non-Newtonian Liquids Using a Rotational Viscometer

E3277-22 Standard Test Method for Determining Whether a Material is a Liquid or a Solid by Rheometry

Thermophysical Properties

E1225-20 Standard Test Method for Thermal Conductivity of Solids Using the Guarded-Comparative-Longitudinal Heat Flow Technique

E289-17 Standard Test Method for Linear Thermal Expansion of Rigid Solids with Interferometry

E228-17 Standard Test Method for Linear Thermal Expansion of Solid Materials With a Push-Rod Dilatometer

E1530-19 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Resistance to Thermal Transmission by the Guarded Heat Flow Meter Technique

E2584-20 Standard Practice for Thermal Conductivity of Materials Using a Thermal Capacitance (Slug) Calorimeter

E1461-13(2022) Standard Test Method for Thermal Diffusivity by the Flash Method

E2585-09(2022) Standard Practice for Thermal Diffusivity by the Flash Method