ASTM's quality control standards provide the mathematical and statistical procedures instrumental in the evaluation of experiments and test methods. These procedures encompass the information-gathering stage of an experiment where variation is present, and includes the probability sampling process, the determination of the precision and bias of an experiment, and the measurement of the reliability and degree of uncertainty of test results and data. These quality control standards help guide laboratories and their respective scientists and engineers in the careful planning and design of experiments and test procedures.

Quality Control Standards

ASTM's quality control standards provide the mathematical and statistical procedures instrumental in the evaluation of experiments and test methods. These procedures encompass the information-gathering stage of an experiment where variation is present, and includes the probability sampling process, the determination of the precision and bias of an experiment, and the measurement of the reliability and degree of uncertainty of test results and data. These quality control standards help guide laboratories and their respective scientists and engineers in the careful planning and design of experiments and test procedures.

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Editorial/Terminology

E456-13a(2022) Standard Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics

Metrology

E2554-18e1 Standard Practice for Estimating and Monitoring the Uncertainty of Test Results of a Test Method Using Control Chart Techniques

E2655-14(2020) Standard Guide for Reporting Uncertainty of Test Results and Use of the Term Measurement Uncertainty in ASTM Test Methods

E2782-17(2022)e1 Standard Guide for Measurement Systems Analysis (MSA)

Reliability

E2696-21 Standard Practice for Life and Reliability Testing Based on the Exponential Distribution

E3159-21 Standard Guide for General Reliability

E3291-21 Standard Guide for Reliability Demonstration Testing

E2555-21e1 Standard Practice for Factors and Procedures for Applying the MIL-STD-105 Plans in Life and Reliability Inspection

Sampling / Statistics

E1267-88 Guide for ASTM Standard Specification Quality Statements (Withdrawn 1996)

E105-21 Standard Guide for Probability Sampling of Materials

E178-21 Standard Practice for Dealing With Outlying Observations

E1325-21 Standard Terminology Relating to Design of Experiments

E2586-19e1 Standard Practice for Calculating and Using Basic Statistics

E122-17(2022) Standard Practice for Calculating Sample Size to Estimate, With Specified Precision, the Average for a Characteristic of a Lot or Process

E1402-13(2023) Standard Guide for Sampling Design

E3080-23 Standard Practice for Regression Analysis with a Single Predictor Variable

E141-10(2023) Standard Practice for Acceptance of Evidence Based on the Results of Probability Sampling

Standards

SI10-16 IEEE/ASTM SI 10 American National Standard for Metric Practice

E380-93 Standard Practice for Use of the Internation System of Units (SI) (the Modernized Metric System) (Withdrawn 1997)

Statistical Quality Control

E2819-11(2021) Standard Practice for Single- and Multi-Level Continuous Sampling of a Stream of Product by Attributes Indexed by AQL

E2587-16(2021)e1 Standard Practice for Use of Control Charts in Statistical Process Control

E2762-10(2020) Standard Practice for Sampling a Stream of Product by Variables Indexed by AQL

E2910-12(2018) Standard Guide for Preferred Methods for Acceptance of Product

E1626-02 Standard Guide for Including Government Procurement Requirements in ASTM Documents (Withdrawn 2007)

E2281-15(2020) Standard Practice for Process Capability and Performance Measurement

E29-22 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

E1994-09(2023) Standard Practice for Use of Process Oriented AOQL and LTPD Sampling Plans

E2234-09(2023) Standard Practice for Sampling a Stream of Product by Attributes Indexed by AQL

E2334-09(2023) Standard Practice for Setting an Upper Confidence Bound for a Fraction or Number of Non-Conforming items, or a Rate of Occurrence for Non-Conformities, Using Attribute Data, When There is a Zero Response in the Sample

Test Method Evaluation and Quality Control

E177-20 Standard Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods

E2935-21 Standard Practice for Evaluating Equivalence of Two Testing Processes

E1169-21 Standard Practice for Conducting Ruggedness Tests

D4356-84(2002) Standard Practice for Establishing Consistent Test Method Tolerances (Withdrawn 2007)

E1323-15(2020) Standard Guide for Evaluating Laboratory Measurement Practices and the Statistical Analysis of the Resulting Data

E2489-21 Standard Practice for Statistical Analysis of One-Sample and Two-Sample Interlaboratory Proficiency Testing Programs

E3264-21 Standard Guide for Homogeneity of Samples and Reference Materials Used for Inter- and Intra-Laboratory Studies

E691-23 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method

E2709-23 Standard Practice for Demonstrating Capability to Comply with an Acceptance Procedure

E1488-23 Standard Guide for Statistical Procedures to Use in Developing and Applying Test Methods

E2282-23 Standard Guide for Defining the Test Result of a Test Method