ASTM's leather standards are instrumental in the determination, testing, and evaluation of the various physical and chemical properties of different forms of leather. These standards help users and producers of leather goods all over the world in assessing their materials for good quality and workmanship towards satisfactory use

Leather Standards

ASTM's leather standards are instrumental in the determination, testing, and evaluation of the various physical and chemical properties of different forms of leather. These standards help users and producers of leather goods all over the world in assessing their materials for good quality and workmanship towards satisfactory use

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Apparel

D1913-00(2015) Standard Test Method for Resistance to Wetting of Garment-Type Leathers (Spray Test)

D5552-10(2015) Standard Test Method for Resistance of Colored Leather to Bleeding

D5053-03(2015) Standard Test Method for Colorfastness of Crocking of Leather

D6014-00(2015) Standard Test Method for Determination of Dynamic Water Absorption of Leather Surfaces

D6013-00(2018) Standard Test Method for Determination of Area Stability of Leather to Laundering

D2821-19 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Relative Stiffness of Leather by Means of a Torsional Wire Apparatus

D6012-03(2021) Standard Test Method for Determination of Resistance of Leather to (Bleeding) Color Stain Transfer

D2096-11(2019)e1 Standard Test Method for Colorfastness and Transfer of Color in the Washing of Leather

Chemical Analysis

D3898-93(2015) Standard Test Method for Chromic Oxide in Basic Chromium Tanning Liquors

D3495-10(2015) Standard Test Method for Hexane Extraction of Leather

D2868-17 Standard Test Method for Nitrogen Content (Kjeldahl) and Hide Substance Content of Leather, Wet Blue and Wet White

D6016-17 Standard Test Method for Determination of Nitrogen, Water Extractable in Leather

D3790-17 Standard Test Method for Volatile Matter (Moisture) of Leather by Oven Drying

D4906-95(2017) Standard Test Method for Total Solids and Ash Content in Leather Finishing Materials

D4655-95(2017) Standard Test Methods for Sulfates in Leather (Total, Neutral, and Combined Acid)

D2807-17a Standard Test Method for Chromic Oxide in Leather (Perchloric Acid Oxidation)

D2617-17a Standard Test Method for Total Ash in Leather

D5356-17a Standard Test Method for pH of Chrome Tanning Solutions

D3897-18 Standard Test Method for Calculation of Basicity of Chrome Tanning Liquors

D2810-18 Standard Test Method for pH of Leather

D4653-87(2020) Standard Test Method for Total Chlorides in Leather

D4907-10(2020) Standard Test Method for Nitrocellulose in Finish on Leather

D4654-87(2020) Standard Test Method for Sulfate Basicity in Leather

D3913-03(2020)e1 Standard Test Method for Acidity in Basic Chromium Tanning Liquors

D6017-97(2020)e1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Magnesium Sulfate (Epsom Salt) in Leather

D6019-20 Test Method for Determination of Chromic Oxide in Basic Chromium Tanning Liquors (Ammonium Persulfate Oxidation)

D6018-96(2012) Standard Test Method for Determining the Presence of Lead Salts in Leather (Withdrawn 2017)

Fats and Oils

D8284-19 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Total Alkalinity in Sulfated, Sulfonated Oils and Fatliquors

D5555-95(2017) Standard Test Method for Determination of Free Fatty Acids Contained in Animal, Marine, and Vegetable Fats and Oils Used in Fat Liquors and Stuffing Compounds

D5559-95(2017) Standard Test Method for Determination of Acidity as Free Fatty Acids/Acid Number in the Absence of Ammonium or Triethanolamine Soaps in Sulfonated and Sulfated Oils

D5558-95(2017) Standard Test Method for Determination of the Saponification Value of Fats and Oils

D5557-95(2017) Standard Test Method for Determination of Insoluble Impurities Contained in Fats and Oils Used in Fat Liquors and Stuffing Compounds

D5560-95(2018) Standard Test Method for Determination of Neutral Fatty Matter Contained in Fats and Oils

D5564-95(2018) Standard Test Method for Determination of the Total Ammonia Contained in Sulfonated or Sulfated Oils

D5562-95(2018) Standard Test Method for Determination of the Acidity as Free Fatty Acids/Acid Number in the Presence of Ammonium or Triethanolamine Soaps

D5352-95(2019) Standard Test Method for Determination of Organically Combined Sulfuric Anhydride Ash-Gravimetric, Test Method C

D5350-95(2019) Standard Test Method for Determination of Organically Combined Sulfuric Anhydride by Titration, Test Method A

D5348-95(2019) Standard Test Method for Determination of the Moisture Content of Sulfonated and Sulfated Oils by Distillation with Xylene

D5551-95(2019) Standard Test Method for Determination of the Cloud Point of Oil

D5353-95(2019) Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Desulfated Fatty Matter

D5553-95(2019) Standard Test Method for Determination of the Unsaponifiable Nonvolatile Matter in Sulfated Oils

D5439-95(2019) Standard Test Method for Determination of Sediment in Moellon

D5347-19a Standard Test Method for Determination of the Ash Content of Fats and Oils

D5556-19 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Moisture and Other Volatile Matter Contained in Fats and Oils Used in Fatliquors and Softening Compounds

D5349-19 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Moisture and Volatile Content of Sulfonated, Sulfated Oils and Fatliquors by Oven Method

D5354-95(2020) Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Active Ingredients in Sulfonated and Sulfated Oils

D5565-95(2011) Standard Test Method for Determination of the Solidification Point of Fatty Acids Contained in Animal, Marine, and Vegetable Fats and Oils (Withdrawn 2020)

D5566-95(2011) Standard Test Method for Determination of Inorganic Salt Content of Sulfated and Sulfonated Oils (Withdrawn 2020)

D5346-17(2021) Standard Test Method for Determination of the Pour Point of Petroleum Oil Used in Fatliquors and Softening Compounds

D5351-93(2021) Standard Test Method for Determination of Organically Combined Sulfuric Anhydride by Extraction Titration, Test Method B

D5440-17(2021) Standard Test Method for Determining the Melting Point of Fats and Oils

D5554-15(2021) Standard Test Method for Determination of the Iodine Value of Fats and Oils

D5355-95(2021) Standard Test Method for Specific Gravity of Oils and Liquid Fats

Footwear

D8041/D8041M-16 Standard Test Method for Whole Boot Breathability (MVTR)

D2322-14 Standard Test Method for Resistance of Shoe Upper Leather to Artificial Perspiration

D2214-02 Standard Test Method for Estimating the Thermal Conductivity of Leather with the Cenco-Fitch Apparatus (Withdrawn 2008)

D2099-14 Standard Test Method for Dynamic Water Resistance of Shoe Upper Leather by the Maeser Water Penetration Tester

D7340-07(2018)e1 Standard Practice for Thermal Conductivity of Leather

D2346-21 Standard Test Method for Apparent Density of Leather

D2210-21 Standard Test Method for Grain Crack and Extension of Leather by the Mullen Test

D2098-21 Standard Test Method for Dynamic Water Resistance of Shoe Upper Leather by the Dow Corning Leather Tester

D2941-21 Standard Test Method for Measuring Break Pattern of Leather (Break Scale)

D6015-21 Standard Test Method for Static Water Absorption of Leather

Physical Properties

D6182-00(2015) Standard Test Method for Flexibility and Adhesion of Finish on Leather

D1813-13(2017) Standard Test Method for Measuring Thickness of Leather Test Specimens

D4704-13(2017) Standard Test Method for Tearing Strength, Tongue Tear of Leather

D6076-18 Standard Test Method for Shrinkage Temperature of Leather

D4705-18 Standard Test Method for Stitch Tear Strength of Leather, Double Hole

D1610-18 Standard Practice for Conditioning Leather and Leather Products for Testing

D5052-18 Standard Test Method for Permeability of Leather to Water Vapor

D1516-05(2021) Standard Test Method for Width of Leather

D1814-70(2021) Standard Test Method for Measuring Thickness of Leather Units

D1815-00(2021) Standard Test Method for Water Absorption (Static) of Vegetable Tanned Leather

D2207-00(2021) Standard Test Method for Bursting Strength of Leather by the Ball Method

D2209-00(2021) Standard Test Method for Tensile Strength of Leather

D2212-00(2021) Standard Test Method for Slit Tear Resistance of Leather

D2211-00(2021) Standard Test Method for Elongation of Leather

D6183-00(2021) Standard Test Method for Tackiness of Finish on Leather

D2813-03(2021) Standard Practice for Sampling Leather for Physical and Chemical Tests

D2347-00(2021) Standard Test Method for Measuring Area of Leather Test Specimens

D7255-22 Standard Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Leather (Rotary Platform, Abraser Method)

Terminology

D1517-18 Standard Terminology Relating to Leather

Upholstery

D8137-18 Practice for Accelerated Aging of Leather

D7912-14 Standard Test Method for Resistance of Finish to Heat Aging (Finish Stability)

D6077-16 Standard Test Method for Trapezoid Tearing Strength of Leather

D2208-16 Standard Test Method for Breaking Strength of Leather by the Grab Method

D2097-03(2016) Standard Test Method for Flex Testing of Finish on Upholstery Leather

D6116-18 Standard Test Method for Blocking

D1912-00(2016)e1 Standard Test Method for Cold-Crack Resistance of Upholstery Leather

Vegetable Leather

D8365-20 Standard Test Method for Corrosion of Metal Produced by Contact with Leather

D1611-12(2019) Standard Test Method for Corrosion Produced by Leather in Contact with Metal

D2876-00(2020) Standard Test Method for Water-Soluble Matter of Vegetable-Tanned Leather

D2213-00(2020) Standard Test Method for Compressibility of Leather

D2875-00(2020) Standard Test Method for Insoluble Ash of Vegetable-Tanned Leather

D6403-99(2020) Standard Test Method for Determining Moisture in Raw and Spent Materials

D4904-99(2020) Standard Practice for Cooling of Analytical Solutions

D6020-00(2020) Standard Practice for Calculation of (Non-Mineral) Combined Tanning Agents and Degree of Tannage

D6402-99(2020) Standard Test Method for Determining Soluble Solids and Insolubles in Extracts of Vegetable Tanning Materials

D6075-13(2020) Standard Test Method for Cracking Resistance of Leather

D4901-99(2020) Standard Practice for Preparation of Solution of Liquid Vegetable Tannin Extracts

D6401-99(2020) Standard Test Method for Determining Non-Tannins and Tannin in Extracts of Vegetable Tanning Materials

D4831-00(2020) Standard Test Method for Buckle Tear Strength of Leather

D6404-99(2020) Standard Practice for Sampling Vegetable Materials Containing Tannin

D4903-99(2020) Standard Test Method for Total Solids and Water in Vegetable Tanning Material Extracts

D4905-99(2020) Standard Practice for Preparation of Solution of Solid, Pasty and Powdered Vegetable Tannin Extracts

D4786-00(2020) Standard Test Method for Stitch Tear Strength, Single Hole

D4900-99(2020) Standard Test Method for Lignosulfonates (Sulfite Cellulose) in Tanning Extracts

D6407-99(2020) Standard Test Method for Analysis of Iron and Copper in Vegetable Tanning Materials

D6405-99(2020) Standard Practice for Extraction of Tannins from Raw and Spent Materials

D6406-99(2020) Standard Test Method for Analysis of Sugar in Vegetable Tanning Materials

D4902-99(2020) Standard Test Method for Evaporation and Drying of Analytical Solutions

D6410-99(2020) Standard Test Method for Determining Acidity of Vegetable Tanning Liquors

D4899-99(2020) Standard Practice for Analysis of Vegetable Tanning Materials—General

D6409-99(2020) Standard Practice for Color Tests with Sheepskin Skiver

D6408-99(2020) Standard Test Method for Analysis of Tannery Liquors

Wet Blue

D7967-21 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Chrome Content (as Cr2O3) in Wet Blue using Atomic Absorption or ICP

D8042-18 Test Method for Shrinkage Temperature of Wet Blue and Wet White

D6656-16(2021) Standard Test Method for Determination of Chromic Oxide in Wet Blue (Perchloric Acid Oxidation)

D6657-16(2021) Standard Test Method for pH of Wet Blue and Wet White

D6714-16(2021) Standard Test Method for Chromic Oxide in Ashed Wet Blue (Perchloric Acid Oxidation)

D6659-16(2021) Standard Practice for Sampling and Preparation of Wet Blue and Wet White for Physical and Chemical Tests

D7477-16(2021) Standard Test Method for Determining the Area Stability of Wet Blue Submersed in Boiling Water

D4576-16(2021) Standard Test Method for Mold Growth Resistance of Wet Blue and Wet White

D7584-16(2021) Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Resistance of the Surface of Wet Blue and Wet White to the Growth of Fungi in an Environmental Chamber

D7674-14a(2021) Standard Test Method for Hexane/Petroleum Ether Extract in Wet Blue and Wet White

D7816-12(2021) Standard Test Method for Enumeration of Halophilic and Proteolytic Bacteria in Raceway Brine, Brine-Cured Hides and Skins

D6658-08(2020) Standard Test Method for Volatile Matter (Moisture) of Wet Blue by Oven Drying

D7476-08(2020) Standard Test Method for Brine Saturation Value of Cured (Salt-Preserved) Hides and Skins

D6716-08(2020) Standard Test Method for Total Ash in Wet Blue or Wet White

D6715-13(2020) Standard Practice for Sampling and Preparation of Fresh or Salt-Preserved (Cured) Hides and Skins for Chemical and Physical Tests

D7818-12(2021) Standard Test Method for Enumeration of Proteolytic Bacteria in Fresh (Uncured) Hides and Skins

D7817-12(2021) Standard Test Method for Enumeration of Yeast and Mold in Raceway Brine, Brine-Cured Hides and Skins

D7819-12(2021) Standard Test Method for Enumeration of Yeast and Mold on Fresh (Uncured) Hides and Skins

D8451-22 Standard Test Method for Calculation of Unfixed Chrome Concentration in Wet Blue