ASTM's fire and flammability standards are involved in the testing and evaluation of the ignition, burning, or combustion characteristics of certain materials. Most of these standards are inclined towards the testing of the flammability of interior and exterior building parts, as well as common household and commercial furniture. These fire and flammability standards are instrumental in the establishment of building codes, insurance requirements, and other fire regulations that govern the use of building materials, as well as in defining the appropriate criteria for the storage, handling, and transport of highly flammable substances.

Fire Standards and Flammability Standards

ASTM's fire and flammability standards are involved in the testing and evaluation of the ignition, burning, or combustion characteristics of certain materials. Most of these standards are inclined towards the testing of the flammability of interior and exterior building parts, as well as common household and commercial furniture. These fire and flammability standards are instrumental in the establishment of building codes, insurance requirements, and other fire regulations that govern the use of building materials, as well as in defining the appropriate criteria for the storage, handling, and transport of highly flammable substances.

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Combustibility

E136-22 Standard Test Method for Assessing Combustibility of Materials Using a Vertical Tube Furnace at 750 °C

E2652-22 Standard Test Method for Assessing Combustibility of Materials Using a Tube Furnace with a Cone-shaped Airflow Stabilizer, at 750 °C

E2965-22a Standard Test Method for Determination of Low Levels of Heat Release Rate for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter

External Fire Exposures

E2957-17 Standard Test Method for Resistance to Wildfire Penetration of Eaves, Soffits and Other Projections

E2726/E2726M-12a(2017) Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Fire-Test-Response of Deck Structures to Burning Brands

E2632/E2632M-20 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Under-Deck Fire Test Response of Deck Materials

E2886/E2886M-20 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Ability of Exterior Vents to Resist the Entry of Embers and Direct Flame Impingement

E108-20a Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Roof Coverings

E2707-22 Standard Test Method for Determining Fire Penetration of Exterior Wall Assemblies Using a Direct Flame Impingement Exposure

Fire Resistance

E2748-12a(2017) Standard Guide for Fire-Resistance Experiments

E2837-13(2017) Standard Test Method for Determining the Fire Resistance of Continuity Head-of-Wall Joint Systems Installed Between Rated Wall Assemblies and Nonrated Horizontal Assemblies

E2912-17 Standard Test Method for Fire Test of Non-Mechanical Fire Dampers Used in Vented Construction

E814-13a(2017) Standard Test Method for Fire Tests of Penetration Firestop Systems

E1966-15(2019) Standard Test Method for Fire-Resistive Joint Systems

E3021/E3021M-15(2019) Standard Guide for Evaluating the Relative Effectiveness of Building Systems to Resist the Passage of Products of Combustion Based on the Aggregation of Leakage Rates

E2226-15b(2019) Standard Practice for Application of Hose Stream

E2749-15a(2019) Standard Practice for Measuring the Uniformity of Furnace Exposure on Test Specimens

E1725-19 Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Fire-Resistive Barrier Systems for Electrical System Components

E3134-20 Standard Specification for Transportation Tunnel Structural Components and Passive Fire Protection Systems

E2336-20 Standard Test Methods for Fire Resistive Grease Duct Enclosure Systems

E2307-20 Standard Test Method for Determining Fire Resistance of Perimeter Fire Barriers Using Intermediate-Scale, Multi-story Test Apparatus

E2874-19 Standard Test Method for Determining the Fire-Test Response Characteristics of a Building Spandrel-Panel Assembly Due to External Spread of Fire

E2074-00e1 Standard Test Method for Fire Tests of Door Assemblies, Including Positive Pressure Testing of Side-Hinged and Pivoted Swinging Door Assemblies (Withdrawn 2007)

E2010-01 Standard Test Method for Positive Pressure Fire Tests of Window Assemblies (Withdrawn 2007)

E2816-20a Standard Test Methods for Fire Resistive Metallic HVAC Duct Systems

E2032-21 Standard Practice for Extension of Data From Fire Resistance Tests Conducted in Accordance with ASTM E 119

E1529-22 Standard Test Methods for Determining Effects of Large Hydrocarbon Pool Fires on Structural Members and Assemblies

E2750-22 Standard Guide for Extension of Data from Penetration Firestop System Tests Conducted in Accordance with ASTM

E119-22 Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials

Fire Safety Engineering

E1546-21 Standard Guide for Development of Fire-Hazard-Assessment Standards

E1355-12(2018) Standard Guide for Evaluating the Predictive Capability of Deterministic Fire Models

E1591-20 Standard Guide for Obtaining Data for Fire Growth Models

E1472-07 Standard Guide for Documenting Computer Software for Fire Models (Withdrawn 2011)

E1895-07 Standard Guide for Determining Uses and Limitations of Deterministic Fire Models (Withdrawn 2011)

E3020-22 Standard Practice for Ignition Sources

E1776-22 Standard Guide for Development of Fire-Risk-Assessment Standards

Furnishings and Contents

E1353-21 Standard Test Methods for Cigarette Ignition Resistance of Components of Upholstered Furniture

E1352-16 Standard Test Method for Cigarette Ignition Resistance of Mock-Up Upholstered Furniture Assemblies

E3082-20 Standard Test Methods for Determining the Effectiveness of Fire Retardant Treatments for Natural Christmas Trees

E2187-20a Standard Test Method for Measuring the Ignition Strength of Cigarettes

E1822-21 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Stacked Chairs

E2280-21 Standard Guide for Fire Hazard Assessment of the Effect of Upholstered Seating Furniture Within Patient Rooms of Health Care Facilities

E1590-22 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Mattresses

E1537-22 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Upholstered Furniture

Smoke and Combustion Products

E800-20 Standard Guide for Measurement of Gases Present or Generated During Fires

E2405-05 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fire and Thermal Parameters of Materials Using an Intermediate Scale Test with Vertically Oriented Specimen (Withdrawn 2011)

E1995-21 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Smoke Obscuration Using a Conical Radiant Source in a Single Closed Chamber, With the Test Specimen Oriented Horizontally

E603-17 Standard Guide for Room Fire Experiments

E662-21ae1 Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials

E906/E906M-21 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using a Thermopile Method

E1678-21a Standard Test Method for Measuring Smoke Toxicity for Use in Fire Hazard Analysis

E2102-21 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Mass Loss and Ignitability for Screening Purposes Using a Conical Radiant Heater

E1474-22 Standard Test Method for Determining the Heat Release Rate of Upholstered Furniture and Mattress Components or Composites Using a Bench Scale Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter

E1740-22 Standard Test Method for Determining the Heat Release Rate and Other Fire-Test-Response Characteristics of Wall Covering or Ceiling Covering Composites Using a Cone Calorimeter

E2257-22 Standard Test Method for Room Fire Test of Wall and Ceiling Materials and Assemblies

E1623-22 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fire and Thermal Parameters of Materials, Products, and Systems Using an Intermediate Scale Calorimeter (ICAL)

E2067-22 Standard Practice for Full-Scale Oxygen Consumption Calorimetry Fire Tests

E1354-22b Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter

E3048-22a Standard Test Method for Determination of Time to Burn-Through Using the Intermediate Scale Calorimeter (ICAL) Radiant Panel

Spent Fuel and High Level Waste

C1308-21 Standard Test Method for Accelerated Leach Test for Measuring Contaminant Releases From Solidified Waste

C1285-21 Standard Test Methods for Determining Chemical Durability of Nuclear, Hazardous, and Mixed Waste Glasses and Multiphase Glass Ceramics: The Product Consistency Test (PCT)

C1733-21 Standard Test Method for Distribution Coefficients of Inorganic Species by Batch Method

C1751-21 Standard Guide for Sampling Radioactive Tank Waste

C1750-21 Standard Guide for Development, Verification, Validation, and Documentation of Simulants for Hazardous Materials and Process Streams

C1752-21 Standard Guide for Measuring Physical and Rheological Properties of Radioactive Solutions, Slurries, and Sludges

C1431-99(2018) Standard Guide for Corrosion Testing of Aluminum-Based Spent Nuclear Fuel in Support of Repository Disposal

C1662-18 Standard Practice for Measurement of the Glass Dissolution Rate Using the Single-Pass Flow-Through Test Method

C1562-10(2018) Standard Guide for Evaluation of Materials Used in Extended Service of Interim Spent Nuclear Fuel Dry Storage Systems

C1663-18 Standard Test Method for Measuring Waste Glass or Glass Ceramic Durability by Vapor Hydration Test

C1174-20 Standard Guide for Evaluation of Long-Term Behavior of Materials Used in Engineered Barrier Systems (EBS) for Geological Disposal of High-Level Radioactive Waste

C1144-89(2011) Standard Test Method for Splitting Tensile Strength for Brittle Nuclear Waste Forms (Withdrawn 2018)

C1571-03(2012) Standard Guide for Characterization of Radioactive and/or Hazardous Wastes for Thermal Treatment (Withdrawn 2018)

C1454-07 Standard Guide for Pyrophoricity/Combustibility Testing in Support of Pyrophoricity Analyses of Metallic Uranium Spent Nuclear Fuel (Withdrawn 2016)

C1682-21 Standard Guide for Characterization of Spent Nuclear Fuel in Support of Interim Storage, Transportation and Geologic Repository Disposal

C1553-21 Standard Guide for Drying of Spent Nuclear Fuel

C1720-21 Standard Test Methods for Determining Liquidus Temperature of Waste Glasses and Simulated Waste Glasses

C1220-21 Standard Test Method for Static Leaching of Monolithic Waste Forms for Disposal of Radioactive Waste

E2230-22 Standard Practice for Thermal Qualification of Type B Packages for Radioactive Material

Surface Burning

E3287-21 Practice for Specimen Preparation of Fenestration Profiles Intended to Support Non-Combustible In-Fill Materials to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics

E2404-17 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Textile, Paper or Polymeric (Including Vinyl) and Wood Wall or Ceiling Coverings, Facings and Veneers, to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics

E2579-21 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Wood Products to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics

E2688-18 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Tapes to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics

E2768-11(2018) Standard Test Method for Extended Duration Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials (30 min Tunnel Test)

E1321-18 Standard Test Method for Determining Material Ignition and Flame Spread Properties

E1317-19 Standard Test Method for Flammability of Surface Finishes

E2058-19 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Material Flammability Using a Fire Propagation Apparatus (FPA)

E648-19ae1 Standard Test Method for Critical Radiant Flux of Floor-Covering Systems Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source

E3202-19e1 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Plastic Composites for Use as Deck Boards, Stair Treads, Guards or Handrails to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics

E2573-19 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Site-Fabricated Stretch Systems to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics

D2859-16(2021) Standard Test Method for Ignition Characteristics of Finished Textile Floor Covering Materials

E2231-21 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Pipe and Duct Insulation Materials to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics

E84-22 Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials

E970-17e1 Standard Test Method for Critical Radiant Flux of Exposed Attic Floor Insulation Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source

E162-22 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source

E2988-17(2022) Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Flexible Fibrous Glass Insulation for Metal Buildings to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics

E2599-22 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Reflective Insulation, Radiant Barrier and Vinyl Stretch Ceiling Materials for Building Applications to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics

E2690-22 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Caulks and Sealants to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics

Terminology and Services / Functions

E2335-17 Standard Guide for Laboratory Monitors

E535-19 Standard Practice for Preparation of Fire-Test-Response Standards

E2989-19a Standard Guide for Assessment of Continued Applicability of Reaction to Fire Test Reports Used in Building Regulation

E2536-21 Standard Guide for Assessment of Measurement Uncertainty in Fire Tests

E2653-21 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine Precision Estimates for a Fire Test Method with Fewer Than Six Participating Laboratories

E176-21ae1 Standard Terminology of Fire Standards

Transportation

E2061-20 Standard Guide for Fire Hazard Assessment of Rail Transportation Vehicles

E2574/E2574M-17(2021) Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of School Bus Seat Assemblies