ASTM's fatigue and fracture standards provide the appropriate procedures for carrying out fatigue, fracture, and other related tests on specified materials. These tests are conducted to examine and evaluate the behavior, susceptibility, and extent of resistance of certain materials to sharp-notch tension, tear, axial fatigue, strain-controlled fatigue, surface crack tension, creep crack, and residual strain. In addition to fracture toughness and strain gradient, these standards also present the procedures for determining K-R curves, stress-life and strain-life fatigue data, threshold stress intensity factors, and reference temperatures. These fatigue and fracture standards are useful to manufacturers and other users concerned with such materials in understanding their failure and stability mechanisms.

Fatigue Standards and Fracture Standards

ASTM's fatigue and fracture standards provide the appropriate procedures for carrying out fatigue, fracture, and other related tests on specified materials. These tests are conducted to examine and evaluate the behavior, susceptibility, and extent of resistance of certain materials to sharp-notch tension, tear, axial fatigue, strain-controlled fatigue, surface crack tension, creep crack, and residual strain. In addition to fracture toughness and strain gradient, these standards also present the procedures for determining K-R curves, stress-life and strain-life fatigue data, threshold stress intensity factors, and reference temperatures. These fatigue and fracture standards are useful to manufacturers and other users concerned with such materials in understanding their failure and stability mechanisms.

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Advanced Apparatus and Techniques

E467-21 Standard Practice for Verification of Constant Amplitude Dynamic Forces in an Axial Fatigue Testing System

E2208-02(2018)e1 Standard Guide for Evaluating Non-Contacting Optical Strain Measurement Systems

E2443-05(2018)e1 Standard Guide for Verifying Computer-Generated Test Results Through The Use Of Standard Data Sets

E1942-98(2018)e1 Standard Guide for Evaluating Data Acquisition Systems Used in Cyclic Fatigue and Fracture Mechanics Testing

E3076-18e1 Standard Practice for Determination of the Slope in the Linear Region of a Test Record

Crack Growth Behavior

E2760-19e1 Standard Test Method for Creep-Fatigue Crack Growth Testing

E1681-23 Standard Test Method for Determining Threshold Stress Intensity Factor for Environment-Assisted Cracking of Metallic Materials

E647-23a Standard Test Method for Measurement of Fatigue Crack Growth Rates

E1457-23 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Creep Crack Growth Times in Metals

Cyclic Deformation and Fatigue Crack Formation

E2207-15(2021) Standard Practice for Strain-Controlled Axial-Torsional Fatigue Testing with Thin-Walled Tubular Specimens

E606/E606M-21 Standard Test Method for Strain-Controlled Fatigue Testing

E466-21 Standard Practice for Conducting Force Controlled Constant Amplitude Axial Fatigue Tests of Metallic Materials

E3098-17 Standard Test Method for Mechanical Uniaxial Pre-strain and Thermal Free Recovery of Shape Memory Alloys

E2245-11(2018) Standard Test Method for Residual Strain Measurements of Thin, Reflecting Films Using an Optical Interferometer (Withdrawn 2023)

E2244-11(2018) Standard Test Method for In-Plane Length Measurements of Thin, Reflecting Films Using an Optical Interferometer (Withdrawn 2023)

E2246-11(2018) Standard Test Method for Strain Gradient Measurements of Thin, Reflecting Films Using an Optical Interferometer (Withdrawn 2023)

E2368-10(2017) Standard Practice for Strain Controlled Thermomechanical Fatigue Testing

E2714-13(2020) Standard Test Method for Creep-Fatigue Testing

E2789-10(2021) Standard Guide for Fretting Fatigue Testing

E2948-22 Standard Test Method for Conducting Rotating Bending Fatigue Tests of Solid Round Fine Wire

E3097-23 Standard Test Method for Uniaxial Constant Force Thermal Cycling of Shape Memory Alloys

E3414-23 Standard Test Method for Constant Torque Thermal Cycling of Cylindrical Shape Memory Alloy Specimens

E468/E468M-23a Standard Practice for Presentation of Constant Amplitude Fatigue Test Results for Metallic Materials

Fracture Mechanics

E3039-20 Standard Test Method for Determination of Crack-Tip-Opening Angle of Ferritic Steels Using DWTT-Type Specimens

E1304-97(2020) Standard Test Method for Plane-Strain (Chevron-Notch) Fracture Toughness of Metallic Materials

E1290-08e1 Standard Test Method for Crack-Tip Opening Displacement (CTOD) Fracture Toughness Measurement (Withdrawn 2013)

E2818-11(2019) Standard Practice for Determination of Quasistatic Fracture Toughness of Welds

E2899-19e1 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Initiation Toughness in Surface Cracks Under Tension and Bending

E602-03 Standard Test Method for Sharp-Notch Tension Testing with Cylindrical Specimens (Withdrawn 2010)

E338-03 Standard Test Method of Sharp-Notch Tension Testing of High-Strength Sheet Materials (Withdrawn 2010)

E561-23 Standard Test Method for KR Curve Determination

E2472-12(2018)e2 Standard Test Method for Determination of Resistance to Stable Crack Extension under Low-Constraint Conditions

E399-23 Standard Test Method for Linear-Elastic Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness of Metallic Materials

E1820-23b Standard Test Method for Measurement of Fracture Toughness

E1921-23 Standard Test Method for Determination of Reference Temperature, T0, for Ferritic Steels in the Transition Range

E740/E740M-23 Standard Practice for Fracture Testing with Surface-Crack Tension Specimens

E1221-23 Standard Test Method for Determining Plane-Strain Crack-Arrest Fracture Toughness, KIa, of Ferritic Steels

Structural Applications

STP791B1983024 Single Specimen -Based Fracture Toughness Test for High-Strength Steels

STP791B1983031 Load Sequence Crack Growth Transients in a Superalloy at Elevated Temperature

STP791B1983021 Mixed-Mode Crack Growth Using the Compact Specimen

STP791B1983003 Effect of Some Secondary Test Variables on Fatigue Crack Growth

STP791B1983025 A Fracture Mechanics Study on Resistance of ASTM A36, A572, and A517 Grade F Structural Steels to Stress-Corrosion Crack Growth in Salt Water

STP791B1983001 Fatigue Crack Growth and Threshold Behavior at Ultrasonic Frequencies

STP791B1983008 Fatigue Crack Growth Life Evaluation of the Turbine Blades in a Low-Pressure Steam Turbine

STP791B1983011 Application of a Numerical Procedure to Creep Crack Growth from Displacement Measurements in IN100

STP791B1983032 Use of a d-c Potential Drop Crack Monitoring Technique in the Development of Defect Tolerant Disk Alloys

STP791B1983028 Fracture Mechanics and Fractography Investigations of Crack Initiation for Two Steels

STP791B1983020 Effects of Loading Rate and Temperature on Fracture Toughness of 4130 Quenched and Tempered Steel Using Precracked Charpy V-Notch Specimens

STP791B1983007 Fatigue and Fracture Properties of Steam Turbine Shaft Materials

STP791B1983005 Constant-Amplitude Fatigue Crack Growth Behavior of 7XXX Aluminum Alloys

STP791B1983015 A Simplified Test Method for Determining the Low Rate Creep Crack Growth Data

STP791B1983033 Environmental Influences on the Fracture and Fatigue Properties of Titanium Metal-Matrix Continuous Fiber Composites

STP791B1983030 Effect of Through-the-Thickness Stress Distribution upon Crack Growth Behavior in a Nickel-Base Superalloy

STP791B1983022 Near-Threshold Fatigue Crack Growth Investigation of Ni-Mo-V Steel in Hydrogen Environment

STP791B1983023 Crack Propagation Behavior of Induction Hardened D6AC Alloy

STP791B1983034 Fracture Mechanics of PGX Graphite

STP791B1983002 Cycle Counting for Variable-Amplitude Crack Growth

STP791B1983017 Review and Applications of the Electric Potential Method for Measuring Crack Growth in Specimens, Flawed Pipes, and Pressure Vessels

STP791B1983019 Mixed-Mode Dynamic Stress-Intensity Factors from Caustics

STP791B1983018 Subsize Specimens for Crack-Arrest Testing

STP791B1983035 Summary

STP791B1983006 Application of Resistance Curves to Crack at a Hole

STP791B1983029 Influence of Microstructure on the Ductile Rupture Mechanisms of a 316L Steel at Room and Elevated Temperatures

STP791B1983010 A Technique for High-Temperature Creep Displacement Measurement

STP791B1983009 A Variable Strength Stress-Corrosion Test Specimen

STP791B1983016 Dynamic Fracture of Three Specimens

STP791B1983014 Crack-Opening Displacement of Surface Cracks in Pipeline Steel Plates

STP791B1983026 Studies of Diffused Crack-Tip Singularity—Experimental Simulation

STP791B1983027 Controlled Flaw Preparations for Heavy-Section Steel Fracture Mechanics Testing

STP791B1983012 Evaluation of * Parameter for Creep Crack Growth in Type 316 Stainless Steel

STP791B1983013 Experimental Method for Direct Evaluation of the -Contour Integral

STP791B1983004 Direct Measurement of Δ Transmitted to the Active Plastic Zone in Fatigue

E739-23 Standard Guide for Statistical Analysis of Linear or Linearized Stress-Life (S-N) and Strain-Life (ε-N) Fatigue Data (Withdrawn 2024)

E1049-85(2023) Standard Practices for Cycle Counting in Fatigue Analysis

Structural Test Methods

D7136/D7136M-20 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Damage Resistance of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composite to a Drop-Weight Impact Event

D8101/D8101M-18 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Penetration Resistance of Composite Materials to Impact by a Blunt Projectile

E1922/E1922M-22 Standard Test Method for Translaminar Fracture Toughness of Laminated and Pultruded Polymer Matrix Composite Materials

D6264/D6264M-23 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Damage Resistance of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymer-Matrix Composite to a Concentrated Quasi-Static Indentation Force

D7137/D7137M-23 Standard Test Method for Compressive Residual Strength Properties of Damaged Polymer Matrix Composite Plates

D8509/D8509M-23 Standard Guide for Test Method Selection and Test Specimen Design for Bolted Joint Related Properties

D8066/D8066M-23 Standard Practice Unnotched Compression Testing of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates

D8131/D8131M-23 Standard Practice for Tensile Properties of Tapered and Stepped Joints of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates

D5766/D5766M-23 Standard Test Method for Open-Hole Tensile Strength of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates

D8511/D8511M-23 Standard Guide for Design and Analysis of Local Buckling and Crippling Test Specimens

D8510/D8510M-23 Standard Test Method for Local Buckling and Crippling under Axial Compressive Loading

D5961/D5961M-23 Standard Test Method for Bearing Response of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates

D6873/D6873M-23 Standard Practice for Bearing Fatigue Response of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates

D6742/D6742M-23 Standard Practice for Filled-Hole Tension and Compression Testing of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates

D7248/D7248M-23 Standard Test Method for High Bearing - Low Bypass Interaction Response of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates Using 2-Fastener Specimens

D7615/D7615M-23 Standard Practice for Open-Hole Fatigue Response of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates

D6484/D6484M-23 Standard Test Method for Open-Hole Compressive Strength of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates

D7332/D7332M-23 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Fastener Pull-Through Resistance of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composite

D8387/D8387M-23 Standard Test Method for High Bypass – Low Bearing Interaction Response of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates

Terminology

E812-91(1997) Standard Test Method for Crack Strength of Slow-Bend Precracked Charpy Specimens of High-Strength Metallic Materials (Withdrawn 2005)

E1761-95(1999) Standard Guide for Recommended Formats for Data Records Used in Computerization of Fatigue and Fracture Data of Metals (Withdrawn 2008)

E2444-11(2018) Standard Terminology Relating to Measurements Taken on Thin, Reflecting Films

E1823-23 Standard Terminology Relating to Fatigue and Fracture Testing