ASTM.s environmental toxicology standards provide the proper procedures for carrying out tests and other evaluation procedures to assess and identify the potential impacts of certain substances on the species and constituents of the ecosystem to which the toxins were released. These toxins are released in the natural environment and are derived either from natural or synthetic pollutants. These environmental toxicology standards are valuable to environmental scientists and ecotoxicologists, and other environmentalist groups in implementing the appropriate measures to ensure overall prevention of the associated contamination risks.

Environmental Toxicology Standards

ASTM.s environmental toxicology standards provide the proper procedures for carrying out tests and other evaluation procedures to assess and identify the potential impacts of certain substances on the species and constituents of the ecosystem to which the toxins were released. These toxins are released in the natural environment and are derived either from natural or synthetic pollutants. These environmental toxicology standards are valuable to environmental scientists and ecotoxicologists, and other environmentalist groups in implementing the appropriate measures to ensure overall prevention of the associated contamination risks.

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Antimicrobial Agents

E2361-13(2021) Standard Guide for Testing Leave-On Products Using In-Situ Methods

E3031-20 Standard Practice for Determination of Antibacterial Activity on Ceramic Surfaces

E875-20 Standard Practice for Evaluation of Fungal Control Agents as Preservatives for Aqueous-Based Products Used in the Paper Industry

D3946-92(1997) Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Bacteria Resistance of Water-Dilutable Metalworking Fluids (Withdrawn 2004)

E1326-20 Standard Guide for Evaluating Non-culture Microbiological Tests

E979-20 Standard Practice for Evaluation of Antimicrobial Agents as Preservatives for Invert Emulsion and Other Water Containing Hydraulic Fluids

E2149-20 Standard Test Method for Determining the Antimicrobial Activity of Antimicrobial Agents Under Dynamic Contact Conditions

E3160-18 Standard Test Method for Quantitative Evaluation of the Antibacterial Properties of Porous Antibacterial Treated Articles

E3226-19 Standard Test Method for Processing Cellulose Sponge-wipes to Detect Bacillus anthracis Spores Sampled from Environmental Surfaces

E2756-19 Standard Terminology Relating to Antimicrobial and Antiviral Agents

E686-91(1998) Standard Method for Evaluation of Antimicrobial Agents in Aqueous Metal Working Fluids (Withdrawn 2004)

E2275-19 Standard Practice for Evaluating Water-Miscible Metalworking Fluid Bioresistance and Antimicrobial Pesticide Performance

E3227-20 Standard Test Practice for Qualitative Assessment of Antifungal Activity on Textiles

E2946-21 Standard Test Method for Determining the Bacteria-Reducing Effectiveness of Food-Handler Handwash Formulations Using Hands of Adults

E1837-96(2014) Standard Test Method to Determine Efficacy of Disinfection Processes for Reusable Medical Devices (Simulated Use Test)

E2922-15 Standard Guide for The Use of Standard Test Methods and Practices for Evaluating Antibacterial Activity on Textiles

E2011-21 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Hygienic Handwash and Handrub Formulations for Virus-Eliminating Activity Using the Entire Hand

E1173-15 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Preoperative, Precatheterization, or Preinjection Skin Preparations

E1766-15 Standard Test Method for Determination of Effectiveness of Sterilization Processes for Reusable Medical Devices

E1883-02(2015) Standard Test Method for Assessment of an Antibacterial Handwash Product by Multiple Basin Wash Technique

E2784-10(2015) Standard Test Method for Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Handwash Formulations Using the Paper Towel (Palmar) Method of Hand Contamination

E2752-10(2015) Standard Guide for Evaluation of Residual Effectiveness of Antibacterial Personal Cleansing Products

E3011-15 Standard Test Method for In vitro production of Clostridium Difficile Spores

E2839-21 Standard Practice for Production and Storage of Spores of C. difficile for Use in Efficacy Evaluation of Antimicrobial Agents

E3218-21 Standard Test Method for Quantitative Method for Testing Antimicrobial Agents against Spores of C. difficile on Hard, Nonporous Surfaces

E2315-16 Standard Guide for Assessment of Antimicrobial Activity Using a Time-Kill Procedure

E2967-15 Standard Test Method for Assessing the Ability of Pre-wetted Towelettes to Remove and Transfer Bacterial Contamination on Hard, Non-Porous Environmental Surfaces Using the Wiperator

E2721-16 Standard Practice for Evaluation of Effectiveness of Decontamination Procedures for Surfaces When Challenged with Droplets Containing Human Pathogenic Viruses

E2720-16 Standard Practice for Evaluation of Effectiveness of Decontamination Procedures for Air-Permeable Materials when Challenged with Biological Aerosols Containing Human Pathogenic Viruses

E2274-16 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Laundry Sanitizers and Disinfectants

E2406-16 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Laundry Sanitizers and Disinfectants for Use in High Efficiency Washing Operations

E2471-05(2016) Standard Test Method for Using Seeded-Agar for the Screening Assessment of Antimicrobial Activity In Carpets

E1838-17 Standard Test Method for Determining the Virus-Eliminating Effectiveness of Hygienic Handwash and Handrub Agents Using the Fingerpads of Adults

E1428-15a Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Performance of Antimicrobials in or on Polymeric Solids Against Staining by Streptomyce species (A Pink Stain Organism)

E1482-12(2017) Standard Practice for Use of Gel Filtration Columns for Cytotoxicity Reduction and Neutralization

E1115-11(2017) Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Surgical Hand Scrub Formulations

E2197-17e1 Standard Quantitative Disk Carrier Test Method for Determining Bactericidal, Virucidal, Fungicidal, Mycobactericidal, and Sporicidal Activities of Chemicals

E3152-18 Standard Guide for Standard Test Methods and Practices Available for Determining Antifungal Activity on Natural or Synthetic Substrates Treated with Antimicrobial Agents

E2180-18 Standard Test Method for Determining the Activity of Incorporated Antimicrobial Agent(s) In Polymeric or Hydrophobic Materials

E3151-18 Standard Test Method for Determining Antimicrobial Activity and Biofilm Resistance Properties of Tube, Yarn, or Fiber Specimens

E3092-18 Standard Practice for Evaluating Efficacy of Vaporous Decontaminants on Materials Contaminated with Bacillus Spores and Contained Within 0.2µm Filter-Capped Tubes

E3135-18 Standard Practice for Determining Antimicrobial Efficacy of Ultraviolet Germicidal Irradiation Against Microorganisms on Carriers with Simulated Soil

E3162-18 Standard Practice Measuring the Durability of Antibacterial Agents Applied to Textiles under Simulated Home Laundering Conditions

E1259-18 Standard Practice for Evaluation of Antimicrobials in Liquid Fuels Boiling Below 390 °C

E645-18 Standard Practice for Evaluation of Microbicides Used in Cooling Water Systems

E640-06(2019) Standard Test Method for Preservatives in Water-Containing Cosmetics

E3180-18 Standard Test Method for Quantification of a Bacillus subtilis Biofilm Comprised of Vegetative Cells and Spores Grown Using the Colony Biofilm Model

E2276-10(2019) Standard Test Method for Determining the Bacteria-Eliminating Effectiveness of Hygienic Handwash and Handrub Agents Using the Fingerpads of Adults

E2966-14(2019) Standard Test Method for Quantitative Assessment of Sanitizing Solutions for Carpet

E2111-12(2018) Standard Quantitative Carrier Test Method to Evaluate the Bactericidal, Fungicidal, Mycobactericidal, and Sporicidal Potencies of Liquid Chemicals

E3179-18 Standard Test Method for Determining Antimicrobial Efficacy of Ultraviolet Germicidal Irradiation against Influenza Virus on Fabric Carriers with Simulated Soil

E2870-19 Standard Practice for Evaluating Relative Effectiveness of Antimicrobial Handwashing Formulations using the Palmar Surface and Mechanical Hand Sampling

E2895-19 Standard Practice for Producing High Titers of Viable and Semi-Purified Spores of Clostridium difficile using a Liquid Medium

E723-13(2019) Standard Practice for Evaluation of Antimicrobials as Preservatives for Aqueous-Based Products Used in the Paper Industry (Bacterial Spoilage)

E1839-20 Standard Practice for Efficacy of Slimicides for the Paper Industry—Bacterial and Fungal Slime

E1052-20 Standard Practice to Assess the Activity of Microbicides against Viruses in Suspension

E1053-20 Standard Practice to Assess Virucidal Activity of Chemicals Intended for Disinfection of Inanimate, Nonporous Environmental Surfaces

E2314-03(2014) Standard Test Method for Determination of Effectiveness of Cleaning Processes for Reusable Medical Instruments Using a Microbiologic Method (Simulated Use Test) (Withdrawn 2021)

E3058-16 Standard Test Method for Determining the Residual Kill Activity of Hand Antiseptic Formulations

E2647-20 Standard Test Method for Quantification of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilm Grown Using Drip Flow Biofilm Reactor with Low Shear and Continuous Flow

E1327-07(2018) Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Antimicrobial Handwash Formulations by Utilizing Fingernail Regions

E3178-18 Standard Practice for Evaluating Static and Cidal Chemical Decontaminants against Bacillus Spores using Centrifugal Filtration Tubes

E2614-15(2020)e1 Standard Guide for Evaluation of Cleanroom Disinfectants

E1891-21 Standard Guide for Determination of a Survival Curve for Antimicrobial Agents Against Selected Microorganisms and Calculation of a D-Value and Concentration Coefficient

E1874-14 Standard Test Method for Recovery of Microorganisms From Skin using the Cup Scrub Technique

E2613-14 Standard Test Method for Determining Fungus-Eliminating Effectiveness of Hygienic Handwash and Handrub Agents Using Fingerpads of Adults

E2894-13 Standard Test Method for Applying Aerosolized Bacillus Spores as Dry Inocula to Inanimate Surfaces (Withdrawn 2022)

E1427-00e1 Standard Guide for Selecting Test Methods to Determine the Effectiveness of Antimicrobial Agents and Other Chemicals for the Prevention, Inactivation and Removal of Biofilm (Withdrawn 2009)

E2722-14 Standard Test Method for Using Seeded-Agar for the Screening Assessment of Antimicrobial Activity in Fabric and Air Filter Media (Withdrawn 2022)

E1882-10 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Antimicrobial Formulations by the Agar Patch Technique (Withdrawn 2019)

E2896-12 Standard Test Method for Quantitative Petri Plate Method (QPM) for Determining the Effectiveness of Antimicrobial Towelettes (Withdrawn 2020)

E1174-21 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Healthcare Personnel Handwash Formulations

E3286-21 Standard Practice for Preparation Of Cell Monolayers on Glass Surfaces for Evaluation of Microbicidal Properties of Non-Chemical Based Antimicrobial Treatment Technologies

E3273-21 Standard Practice to Assess Microbial Decontamination of Indoor Air using an Aerobiology Chamber

E3321-21 Standard Test Method for Intraluminal Catheter Model used to Evaluate Antimicrobial Urinary Catheters for Prevention of Escherichia coli Biofilm Growth

E3161-21 Standard Practice for Preparing a Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Staphylococcus aureus Biofilm using the CDC Biofilm Reactor

E2871-21 Standard Test Method for Determining Disinfectant Efficacy Against Biofilm Grown in the CDC Biofilm Reactor Using the Single Tube Method

E1589-21 Standard Practice for Evaluation of First Aid Antiseptic Drug Products

E3285-22 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Contact-Mediated Microbial Transference

E2897-22 Standard Guide for Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Hand Hygiene Topical Antimicrobial Products using ex vivo Porcine Skin

E2196-22 Standard Test Method for Quantification of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilm Grown with Medium Shear and Continuous Flow Using Rotating Disk Reactor

E2562-22 Standard Test Method for Quantification of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilm Grown with High Shear and Continuous Flow using CDC Biofilm Reactor

E2799-22 Standard Test Method for Testing Disinfectant Efficacy against Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilm using the MBEC Assay

E2783-22 Standard Test Method for Assessment of Antimicrobial Activity for Water Miscible Compounds Using a Time-Kill Procedure

E2755-22 Standard Test Method for Determining the Bacteria-Eliminating Effectiveness of Healthcare Personnel Hand Rub Formulations Using Hands of Adults

E1153-22 Standard Test Method for Efficacy of Sanitizers Recommended for Inanimate, Hard, Nonporous Non-Food Contact Surfaces

E1054-22 Standard Practices for Evaluation of Inactivators of Antimicrobial Agents

E2362-22 Standard Practice for Evaluation of Pre-saturated or Impregnated Towelettes for Hard Surface Disinfection

E3364-22 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Performance of Antimicrobials in or on Polymeric Porous and Nonporous Materials Against Staining by Streptomyces species (A Pink Stain Organism)

E3371-22 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Ability of a Synthetic Polymeric Material to Resist Bacterial Adherence

Control

F2683-11(2017) Standard Guide for Selection of Booms for Oil-Spill Response

F1657/F1657M-96(2018) Standard Practice for Emergency Joining of Booms with Incompatible Connectors

F715-07(2018) Standard Test Methods for Coated Fabrics Used for Oil Spill Control and Storage

F2084/F2084M-01(2018) Standard Guide for Collecting Containment Boom Performance Data in Controlled Environments

F1093-99(2018) Standard Test Methods for Tensile Strength Characteristics of Oil Spill Response Boom

F1599-95(2018) Standard Guide for Collecting Performance Data on Temporary Storage Devices

F962-04(2018) Standard Specification for Oil Spill Response Boom Connection: Z-Connector

F3349-18 Standard Guide for Use of Herding Agents in Conjunction with In-Situ Burning

F1523-94(2018) Standard Guide for Selection of Booms in Accordance With Water Body Classifications

F2682-07(2018) Standard Guide for Determining the Buoyancy to Weight Ratio of Oil Spill Containment Boom

F818-16(2020) Standard Terminology Relating to Spill Response Booms and Barriers

F625/F625M-94(2022) Standard Practice for Classifying Water Bodies for Spill Control Systems

F2438-04(2022) Standard Specification for Oil Spill Response Boom Connection: Slide Connector

In-Situ Burning

F2152-07(2021) Standard Guide for In-Situ Burning of Spilled Oil: Fire-Resistant Boom

F2230-19 Standard Guide for In-situ Burning of Oil Spills on Water: Ice Conditions

F1990-19 Standard Guide for In-Situ Burning of Spilled Oil: Ignition Devices

F2533-20 Standard Guide for In-Situ Burning of Oil in Ships or Other Vessels

F2823-20 Standard Guide for In-Situ Burning of Oil Spills in Marshes

F873-84(2003) Standard Guide for Incinerating Oil Spill Wastes at Temporary Field Locations (Withdrawn 2010)

F3195-21 Standard Guide for Estimating the Volume of Oil Consumed in an In-Situ Burn

F1788-22 Standard Guide for In-Situ Burning of Oil Spills on Water: Environmental and Operational Considerations

Initial Response Actions

F1656-01 Standard Guide for Health and Safety Training of Oil Spill Responders in the United States (Withdrawn 2010)

F1644-01 Standard Guide for Health and Safety Training of Oil Spill Responders (Withdrawn 2010)

F1129/F1129M-12 Standard Guide for Using Aqueous Foams to Control the Vapor Hazard from Immiscible Volatile Liquids (Withdrawn 2021)

F1011-22 Standard Guide for Developing a Hazardous Materials Training Curriculum for Initial Response Personnel

Mitigation Actions

F726-17 Standard Test Method for Sorbent Performance of Adsorbents for use on Crude Oil and Related Spills

F1522-95(2001) Standard Guide for Use of the Steam Stripping Process in Mitigating Chemical Spills (Withdrawn 2007)

F1525/F1525M-09 Standard Guide for Use of Membrane Technology in Mitigating Hazardous Chemical Spills (Withdrawn 2015)

F716-18 Standard Test Methods for Sorbent Performance of Absorbents for Use on Chemical and Light Hydrocarbon Spills

F1127-22 Standard Guide for Containment of Hazardous Material Spills by Emergency Response Personnel

F1524-22 Standard Guide for Use of Advanced Oxidation Process for the Mitigation of Chemical Spills

Pesticide Formulations and Delivery Systems

E1910/E1910M-21 Standard Test Method for Agricultural pH Control Agents, Measurement of pH Change and Buffering Capacity

E2407-04(2015) Standard Test Method for Effectiveness of Defoaming Agents

E1520-99(2015) Standard Test Method for Particle Counts Per Pound of Granular Carriers and Dry-Applied Granular Formulations

E2408-04(2015) Standard Test Method for Relative Extensional Viscosity of Agricultural Spray Tank Mixes

E2880-16b Standard Terminology Related to Biorationals

E609-21 Standard Terminology Relating to Pesticides

E2044-99(2019) Standard Test Method for Spreading of Liquid Agricultural Spray Mixtures

E1116-98(2019) Standard Test Method for Emulsification Characteristics of Pesticide Emulsifiable Concentrates

E1518-05(2019) Standard Practice for Evaluation of Physical Compatibility of Pesticides in Aqueous Tank Mixtures by the Dynamic Shaker Method

E550-87(2019) Standard Guide for Preparing Granular Pesticide Ground Applicator Calibration Procedures

E642-19 Standard Practice for Determining Application Rates and Distribution Patterns from Aerial Application Equipment

E2798-19 Standard Test Method for Characterization of Performance of Pesticide Spray Drift Reduction Adjuvants for Ground Application

E1521-19 Standard Test Method for Liquid Holding Capacity of Granular Carriers

E2043-99(2021) Standard Test Method for Nonvolatile Matter of Agricultural Adjuvant Solutions by Thermogravimetry

E726-01(2021) Standard Test Method for Particle Size Distribution of Granular Carriers and Granular Pesticides

E2316-14(2019)e1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Particles Resulting from the Attrition of Granular Pesticides

E1519-16(2020) Standard Terminology Relating to Agricultural Tank Mix Adjuvants

E728-91(2020) Standard Test Method for Resistance to Attrition of Granular Carriers and Granular Pesticides

E727/E727M-08(2020) Standard Test Methods for Determining Bulk Density of Granular Carriers and Granular Pesticides

E2945-14(2021) Standard Test Method for Film Permeability Determination Using Static Permeability Cells

E641-21 Standard Methods for Testing Hydraulic Spray Nozzles Used in Agriculture

E725-96(2021) Standard Test Method for Sampling Granular Carriers and Granular Pesticides

E1945-21 Standard Test Method for Percent Dispersibility

E1673-21 Standard Test Method for Percent Suspensibility

E2686-09(2021) Standard Test Method for Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Solvents Absorbed/Adsorbed By Simulated Soil Impacted by Pesticide Emulsifiable Concentrate (EC) Applications

E1102-91(2022) Standard Terminology Relating to Agricultural Chemical Application

E549-87(2022) Standard Guide for Preparing Field Sprayer Calibration Procedures

Removal

F2709-19 Standard Test Method for Determining a Measured Nameplate Recovery Rate of Stationary Oil Skimmer Systems

F2008-00(2018) Standard Guide for Qualitative Observations of Skimmer Performance

F1084-08(2018) Standard Guide for Sampling Oil/Water Mixtures for Oil Spill Recovery Equipment

F1607-95(2018) Standard Guide for Reporting of Test Performance Data for Oil Spill Response Pumps

F3350-18 Standard Guide for Collecting Skimmer Performance Data in Ice Conditions

F1780-18 Standard Guide for Estimating Oil Spill Recovery System Effectiveness

F631-15(2020) Standard Guide for Collecting Skimmer Performance Data in Controlled Environments

F1778-97(2020) Standard Guide for Selection of Skimmers for Oil-Spill Response

F933-85(1994)e1 Guide for Evaluation of Oil Water Separation Systems for Spilled Oil Recovery Applications (Withdrawn 2001)

Shoreline and Inland Countermeasures

F1686-22 Standard Guide for Surveys to Document and Assess Oiling Conditions

F1687-22 Standard Guide for Terminology and Indices to Describe Oiling Conditions on Shorelines and Other Terrain

F2204/F2204M-22 Standard Guide for Describing Shoreline and Inland Response Techniques

F2464-22 Standard Guide for Cleaning of Various Oiled Shorelines and Habitats

Surveillance and Tracking

F3045-21 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of the Type and Viscoelastic Stability of Water-in-oil Mixtures Formed from Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Mixed with Water

F3337-19 Standard Guide for Taking Property and Behavior Measurements on Weathered Fractions of Oil

F1779-20 Standard Practice for Reporting Visual Observations of Oil on Water from Aircraft

F2327-21 Standard Guide for Selection of Airborne Remote Sensing Systems for Detection and Monitoring of Oil on Water

F2534-17(2022) Standard Guide for Visually Estimating Oil Spill Thickness on Water

F2926-18(2022) Standard Guide for Selection and Operation of Vessel-mounted Camera Systems

F2067-22 Standard Practice for Development and Use of Oil-Spill Trajectory Models

Treatment

F1693-21 Standard Guide for Consideration of Bioremediation as an Oil Spill Response Method on Land

F1008-86(1993)e1 Guide for Ecological Considerations for the Use of Chemical Dispersants in Oil Spill Response-Salt Marshes (Withdrawn 2001)

F1010-86(1993)e1 Guide for Ecological Considerations for the Use of Chemical Dispersants in Oil Spill Response-Bird Habitats (Withdrawn October 2001)

F1872-21 Standard Guide for Use of Chemical Shoreline Cleaning Agents: Environmental and Operational Considerations

F3251-21 Standard Test Method for Laboratory Oil Spill Dispersant Effectiveness Using the Baffled Flask

F2059-21 Standard Test Method for Laboratory Oil Spill Dispersant Effectiveness Using the Swirling Flask

F1280-19 Standard Guide for Ecological Considerations for the Use of Surface Washing Agents: Impermeable Surfaces

F1279-19 Standard Guide for Ecological Considerations for the Restriction of the Use of Surface Washing Agents: Permeable Land Surfaces

F2532-19 Standard Guide for Determining Net Environmental Benefit of Dispersant Use

F1209-19 Standard Guide for Ecological Considerations for the Use of Oil Spill Dispersants in Freshwater and Other Inland Environments, Ponds and Sloughs

F1210-19 Standard Guide for Ecological Considerations for the Use of Oil Spill Dispersants in Freshwater and Other Inland Environments, Lakes and Large Water Bodies

F1737/F1737M-19 Standard Guide for Use of Oil Spill Dispersant Application Equipment During Spill Response: Boom and Nozzle Systems

F1738-19 Standard Test Method for Determination of Deposition of Aerially Applied Oil Spill Dispersants

F2465/F2465M-20 Standard Guide for Oil Spill Dispersant Application Equipment: Single-point Spray Systems

F1231-19 Standard Guide for Ecological Considerations for the Use of Oil Spill Dispersants in Freshwater and Other Inland Environments, Rivers and Creeks

F1460/F1460M-18(2022) Standard Practice for Calibrating Oil Spill Dispersant Application Equipment Boom and Nozzle Systems

F1413/F1413M-18(2022) Standard Guide for Oil Spill Dispersant Application Equipment: Boom and Nozzle Systems

F2205-22 Standard Guide for Ecological Considerations for the Use of Chemical Dispersants in Oil Spill Response: Tropical Environments

F972-86(1993)e1 Guide for Ecological Considerations for the Use of Chemical Dispersants in Oil Spill Response-Nearshore Subtidal (Withdrawn 2001)

F990-86(1993)e1 Guide for Ecological Considerations for Use of Chemical Dispersants in Oil Spill Response-Sandy Beaches (Withdrawn 2001)

F973-86(1993)e1 Guide for Ecological Considerations for the Use of Chemical Dispersants in Oil Spill Response: Tidal Flats (Withdrawn 2001)

F999-86(1993)e1 Guide for Ecological Considerations for the Use of Chemical Dispersants in Oil Spill Response-Gravel or Cobble Beaches (Withdrawn 2001)

F930-85(1993)e1 Guide for Ecological Considerations for the Use of Chemical Dispersants in Oil Spill Response-Rocky Shores (Withdrawn 2001)