ASTM's corrosion and wear standards provide the appropriate procedures for carrying out corrosion, wear, and abrasion tests on specified metallic materials and alloys. These tests are conducted to examine and evaluate the behavior, susceptibility, and extent of resistance of certain materials to stress corrosion cracking, cavitation erosion, intergranular corrosion, pitting and crevice corrosion, cyclic potentiodynamic polarization, exfoliation corrosion, atmospheric and galvanic corrosion, liquid impingement erosion, crevice repassivation, sliding and rolling friction, surface scratching and lubrication, cavitating liquid jet erosion, and hydrogen embrittlement. These corrosion and wear standards are useful to metallurgical companies, product manufacturers, and other users concerned with the specified materials in understanding the their wear and embrittlement behaviors.

Corrosion Standards and Wear Standards

ASTM's corrosion and wear standards provide the appropriate procedures for carrying out corrosion, wear, and abrasion tests on specified metallic materials and alloys. These tests are conducted to examine and evaluate the behavior, susceptibility, and extent of resistance of certain materials to stress corrosion cracking, cavitation erosion, intergranular corrosion, pitting and crevice corrosion, cyclic potentiodynamic polarization, exfoliation corrosion, atmospheric and galvanic corrosion, liquid impingement erosion, crevice repassivation, sliding and rolling friction, surface scratching and lubrication, cavitating liquid jet erosion, and hydrogen embrittlement. These corrosion and wear standards are useful to metallurgical companies, product manufacturers, and other users concerned with the specified materials in understanding the their wear and embrittlement behaviors.

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Abrasive Wear

G105-20 Standard Test Method for Conducting Wet Sand/Rubber Wheel Abrasion Tests

G174-04(2017) Standard Test Method for Measuring Abrasion Resistance of Materials by Abrasive Loop Contact

G171-03(2017) Standard Test Method for Scratch Hardness of Materials Using a Diamond Stylus

G132-96(2018) Standard Test Method for Pin Abrasion Testing

G81-97a(2018) Standard Test Method for Jaw Crusher Gouging Abrasion Test

G56-18 Standard Test Method for Abrasiveness of Ink-Impregnated Fabric Printer Ribbons and Other Web Materials (Withdrawn 2022)

G65-16(2021) Standard Test Method for Measuring Abrasion Using the Dry Sand/Rubber Wheel Apparatus

G75-15(2021) Standard Test Method for Determination of Slurry Abrasivity (Miller Number) and Slurry Abrasion Response of Materials (SAR Number)

B611-21 Standard Test Method for Determining the High Stress Abrasion Resistance of Hard Materials

G195-22 Standard Guide for Conducting Wear Tests Using a Rotary Platform Abraser

Corrosion in Soils

G200-20 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Oxidation-Reduction Potential (ORP) of Soil

G57-20 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Soil Resistivity Using the Wenner Four-Electrode Method

G218-19 Standard Guide for External Corrosion Protection of Ductile Iron Pipe Utilizing Polyethylene Encasement Supplemented by Cathodic Protection

G158-98(2021) Standard Guide for Three Methods of Assessing Buried Steel Tanks

G165-99(2017) Standard Practice for Determining Rail-to-Earth Resistance

G162-18 Standard Practice for Conducting and Evaluating Laboratory Corrosion Tests in Soils

G51-18 Standard Test Method for Measuring pH of Soil for Use in Corrosion Testing

G187-18 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Soil Resistivity Using the Two-Electrode Soil Box Method

G97-18(2022) Standard Test Method for Laboratory Evaluation of Magnesium Sacrificial Anode Test Specimens for Underground Applications

Corrosion of Metals in Construction Materials

G180-21 Standard Test Method for Corrosion Inhibiting Admixtures for Steel in Concrete by Polarization Resistance in Cementitious Slurries

G198-17 Standard Test Method for Determining the Relative Corrosion Performance of Driven Fasteners in Contact with Treated Wood

G4-01(2014) Standard Guide for Conducting Corrosion Tests in Field Applications

G109-21 Standard Test Methods for Determining Effects of Chemical Admixtures on Corrosion of Embedded Steel Reinforcement in Concrete Exposed to Chloride Environments

C876-22b Standard Test Method for Corrosion Potentials of Uncoated Reinforcing Steel in Concrete

Corrosion of Metals in Natural Atmospheric and Aqueous Environments

G50-20 Standard Practice for Conducting Atmospheric Corrosion Tests on Metals

G104-89(1993) Test Method for Assessing Galvanic Corrosion Caused by the Atmosphere (Withdrawn 1998)

G149-97 Standard Practice for Conducting the Washer Test for Atmospheric Galvanic Corrosion (Withdrawn 2004)

G91-11(2018) Standard Practice for Monitoring Atmospheric SO2 Deposition Rate for Atmospheric Corrosivity Evaluation

G140-02(2019) Standard Test Method for Determining Atmospheric Chloride Deposition Rate by Wet Candle Method

G101-04(2020) Standard Guide for Estimating the Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance of Low-Alloy Steels

G33-99(2020) Standard Practice for Recording Data from Atmospheric Corrosion Tests of Metallic-Coated Steel Specimens

G84-89(2020) Standard Practice for Measurement of Time-of-Wetness on Surfaces Exposed to Wetting Conditions as in Atmospheric Corrosion Testing

G116-99(2020)e1 Standard Practice for Conducting Wire-on-Bolt Test for Atmospheric Galvanic Corrosion

G52-20 Standard Practice for Exposing and Evaluating Metals and Alloys in Surface Seawater

G78-20 Standard Guide for Crevice Corrosion Testing of Iron-Base and Nickel-Base Stainless Alloys in Seawater and Other Chloride-Containing Aqueous Environments

G92-20 Standard Practice for Characterization of Atmospheric Test Sites

Electrochemical Measurements in Corrosion Testing

G220-20 Standard Practice for Replacing Saturated Calomel Reference Electrode (SCE) for Measuring Electrode Potentials

G106-89(2015) Standard Practice for Verification of Algorithm and Equipment for Electrochemical Impedance Measurements

G108-94(2015) Standard Test Method for Electrochemical Reactivation (EPR) for Detecting Sensitization of AISI Type 304 and 304L Stainless Steels

G102-89(2015)e1 Standard Practice for Calculation of Corrosion Rates and Related Information from Electrochemical Measurements

G215-17 Standard Guide for Electrode Potential Measurement

G5-14(2021) Standard Reference Test Method for Making Potentiodynamic Anodic Polarization Measurements

G100-89(2021) Standard Test Method for Conducting Cyclic Galvanostaircase Polarization

G148-97(2018) Standard Practice for Evaluation of Hydrogen Uptake, Permeation, and Transport in Metals by an Electrochemical Technique

G61-86(2018) Standard Test Method for Conducting Cyclic Potentiodynamic Polarization Measurements for Localized Corrosion Susceptibility of Iron-, Nickel-, or Cobalt-Based Alloys

G96-90(2018) Standard Guide for Online Monitoring of Corrosion in Plant Equipment (Electrical and Electrochemical Methods)

G150-18 Standard Test Method for Electrochemical Critical Pitting Temperature Testing of Stainless Steels and Related Alloys

G71-81(2019) Standard Guide for Conducting and Evaluating Galvanic Corrosion Tests in Electrolytes

G3-14(2019) Standard Practice for Conventions Applicable to Electrochemical Measurements in Corrosion Testing

G69-20 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Corrosion Potentials of Aluminum Alloys

G59-97(2020) Standard Test Method for Conducting Potentiodynamic Polarization Resistance Measurements

G192-08(2020)e1 Standard Test Method for Determining the Crevice Repassivation Potential of Corrosion-Resistant Alloys Using a Potentiodynamic-Galvanostatic-Potentiostatic Technique

G199-09(2020)e1 Standard Guide for Electrochemical Noise Measurement

G82-98(2021)e1 Standard Guide for Development and Use of a Galvanic Series for Predicting Galvanic Corrosion Performance

G189-07(2021)e1 Standard Guide for Laboratory Simulation of Corrosion Under Insulation

G217-16(2022) Standard Guide for Corrosion Monitoring in Laboratories and Plants with Coupled Multielectrode Array Sensor Method

Environmentally Assisted Cracking

G37-98(2021) Standard Practice for Use of Mattsson's Solution of pH 7.2 to Evaluate the Stress-Corrosion Cracking Susceptibility of Copper-Zinc Alloys

G39-99(2021) Standard Practice for Preparation and Use of Bent-Beam Stress-Corrosion Test Specimens

G186-05(2021) Standard Test Method for Determining Whether Gas-Leak-Detector Fluid Solutions Can Cause Stress Corrosion Cracking of Brass Alloys

G129-21 Standard Practice for Slow Strain Rate Testing to Evaluate the Susceptibility of Metallic Materials to Environmentally Assisted Cracking

G44-21 Standard Practice for Exposure of Metals and Alloys by Alternate Immersion in Neutral 3.5 % Sodium Chloride Solution

G35-98(2015) Standard Practice for Determining the Susceptibility of Stainless Steels and Related Nickel-Chromium-Iron Alloys to Stress-Corrosion Cracking in Polythionic Acids

G58-85(2015) Standard Practice for Preparation of Stress-Corrosion Test Specimens for Weldments

G103-97(2016) Standard Practice for Evaluating Stress-Corrosion Cracking Resistance of Low Copper 7XXX Series Al-Zn-Mg-Cu Alloys in Boiling 6 % Sodium Chloride Solution

G188-05(2021) Standard Specification for Leak Detector Solutions Intended for Use on Brasses and Other Copper Alloys

G38-01(2021) Standard Practice for Making and Using C-Ring Stress-Corrosion Test Specimens

G64-99(2021) Standard Classification of Resistance to Stress-Corrosion Cracking of Heat-Treatable Aluminum Alloys

G168-17 Standard Practice for Making and Using Precracked Double Beam Stress Corrosion Specimens

G36-94(2018) Standard Practice for Evaluating Stress-Corrosion-Cracking Resistance of Metals and Alloys in a Boiling Magnesium Chloride Solution

G41-90(2018) Standard Practice for Determining Cracking Susceptibility of Metals Exposed Under Stress to a Hot Salt Environment

G49-85(2019) Standard Practice for Preparation and Use of Direct Tension Stress-Corrosion Test Specimens

G47-20 Standard Test Method for Determining Susceptibility to Stress-Corrosion Cracking of 2XXX and 7XXX Aluminum Alloy Products

G30-22 Standard Practice for Making and Using U-Bend Stress-Corrosion Test Specimens

G139-05(2022) Standard Test Method for Determining Stress-Corrosion Cracking Resistance of Heat-Treatable Aluminum Alloy Products Using Breaking Load Method

G123-00(2022)e1 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Stress-Corrosion Cracking of Stainless Alloys with Different Nickel Content in Boiling Acidified Sodium Chloride Solution

G142-98(2022) Standard Test Method for Determination of Susceptibility of Metals to Embrittlement in Hydrogen Containing Environments at High Pressure, High Temperature, or Both

Erosion by Solids and Liquids

G32-16(2021)e1 Standard Test Method for Cavitation Erosion Using Vibratory Apparatus

G134-17 Standard Test Method for Erosion of Solid Materials by Cavitating Liquid Jet

G76-18 Standard Test Method for Conducting Erosion Tests by Solid Particle Impingement Using Gas Jets

G211-14(2020) Standard Test Method for Conducting Elevated Temperature Erosion Tests by Solid Particle Impingement Using Gas Jets

G73-10(2021) Standard Test Method for Liquid Impingement Erosion Using Rotating Apparatus

Friction

G115-10(2018) Standard Guide for Measuring and Reporting Friction Coefficients

G182-13(2018) Standard Test Method for Determination of the Breakaway Friction Characteristics of Rolling Element Bearings

G164-99(2018) Standard Test Method for Determination of Surface Lubrication on Flexible Webs

G143-03(2018) Standard Test Method for Measurement of Web/Roller Friction Characteristics

G194-08(2018) Standard Test Method for Measuring Rolling Friction Characteristics of a Spherical Shape on a Flat Horizontal Plane

G219-18 Standard Guide for Determination of Static Coefficient of Friction of Test Couples Using an Inclined Plane Testing Device

G203-10(2020) Standard Guide for Determining Friction Energy Dissipation in Reciprocating Tribosystems

G181-21 Standard Test Method for Conducting Friction Tests of Piston Ring and Cylinder Liner Materials Under Lubricated Conditions

Laboratory Corrosion Tests

G46-21 Standard Guide for Examination and Evaluation of Pitting Corrosion

G79-83(1996)e1 Standard Practice for Evaluation of Metals Exposed to Carburization Environments (Withdrawn 2005)

G112-92(2015) Standard Guide for Conducting Exfoliation Corrosion Tests in Aluminum Alloys

G110-92(2015) Standard Practice for Evaluating Intergranular Corrosion Resistance of Heat Treatable Aluminum Alloys by Immersion in Sodium Chloride + Hydrogen Peroxide Solution

G205-16 Standard Guide for Determining Emulsion Properties, Wetting Behavior, and Corrosion-Inhibitory Properties of Crude Oils

G157-98(2018) Standard Guide for Evaluating Corrosion Properties of Wrought Iron- and Nickel-Based Corrosion Resistant Alloys for Chemical Process Industries

G146-01(2018) Standard Practice for Evaluation of Disbonding of Bimetallic Stainless Alloy/Steel Plate for Use in High-Pressure, High-Temperature Refinery Hydrogen Service

G161-00(2018) Standard Guide for Corrosion-Related Failure Analysis

G210-13(2018) Standard Practice for Operating the Severe Wastewater Analysis Testing Apparatus

G60-01(2018) Standard Practice for Conducting Cyclic Humidity Exposures

G87-02(2018) Standard Practice for Conducting Moist SO2 Tests

G66-99(2018) Standard Test Method for Visual Assessment of Exfoliation Corrosion Susceptibility of 5XXX Series Aluminum Alloys (ASSET Test)

G67-18 Standard Test Method for Determining the Susceptibility to Intergranular Corrosion of 5XXX Series Aluminum Alloys by Mass Loss After Exposure to Nitric Acid (NAMLT Test)

G28-02(2015) Standard Test Methods for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Corrosion in Wrought, Nickel-Rich, Chromium-Bearing Alloys

G16-13(2019) Standard Guide for Applying Statistics to Analysis of Corrosion Data

G135-95(2019) Standard Guide for Computerized Exchange of Corrosion Data for Metals

B117-19 Standard Practice for Operating Salt Spray (Fog) Apparatus

G1-03(2017)e1 Standard Practice for Preparing, Cleaning, and Evaluating Corrosion Test Specimens

G85-19 Standard Practice for Modified Salt Spray (Fog) Testing

G34-01(2018)e1 Standard Test Method for Exfoliation Corrosion Susceptibility in 2XXX and 7XXX Series Aluminum Alloys (EXCO Test)

G202-12(2020) Standard Test Method for Using Atmospheric Pressure Rotating Cage

G208-12(2020) Standard Practice for Evaluating and Qualifying Oilfield and Refinery Corrosion Inhibitors Using Jet Impingement Apparatus

G170-06(2020)e1 Standard Guide for Evaluating and Qualifying Oilfield and Refinery Corrosion Inhibitors in the Laboratory

G107-95(2020)e1 Standard Guide for Formats for Collection and Compilation of Corrosion Data for Metals for Computerized Database Input

G48-11(2020)e1 Standard Test Methods for Pitting and Crevice Corrosion Resistance of Stainless Steels and Related Alloys by Use of Ferric Chloride Solution

G185-06(2020)e1 Standard Practice for Evaluating and Qualifying Oil Field and Refinery Corrosion Inhibitors Using the Rotating Cylinder Electrode

G184-06(2020)e1 Standard Practice for Evaluating and Qualifying Oil Field and Refinery Corrosion Inhibitors Using Rotating Cage

G111-21a Standard Guide for Corrosion Tests in High Temperature or High Pressure Environment, or Both

G209-14(2022) Standard Practice for Detecting mu-phase in Wrought Nickel-Rich, Chromium, Molybdenum-Bearing Alloys

Non-Abrasive Wear

G119-09(2021) Standard Guide for Determining Synergism Between Wear and Corrosion

G196-08(2021) Standard Test Method for Galling Resistance of Material Couples

G83-96 Standard Test Method for Wear Testing with a Crossed-Cylinder Apparatus (Withdrawn 2005)

G204-21 Standard Test Method for Damage to Contacting Solid Surfaces under Fretting Conditions

G99-17 Standard Test Method for Wear Testing with a Pin-on-Disk Apparatus

G137-97(2017) Standard Test Method for Ranking Resistance of Plastic Materials to Sliding Wear Using a Block-On-Ring Configuration

G176-03(2017) Standard Test Method for Ranking Resistance of Plastics to Sliding Wear Using Block-on-Ring Wear Test—Cumulative Wear Method

G206-17(2021)e1 Standard Guide for Measuring the Wear Volumes of Piston Ring Segments Run against Flat Coupons in Reciprocating Wear Tests

G77-17(2022) Standard Test Method for Ranking Resistance of Materials to Sliding Wear Using Block-on-Ring Wear Test

G98-17(2022) Standard Test Method for Galling Resistance of Materials

G133-22 Standard Test Method for Linearly Reciprocating Ball-on-Flat Sliding Wear

Terminology

G190-15 Standard Guide for Developing and Selecting Wear Tests (Withdrawn 2021)

G40-22a Standard Terminology Relating to Wear and Erosion

Working Group on Laboratory Immersion Tests

G31-21 Standard Guide for Laboratory Immersion Corrosion Testing of Metals

Working Group on Terminology

G193-22 Standard Terminology and Acronyms Relating to Corrosion