ASTM's copper standards are instrumental in classifying, evaluating, and specifying the material, chemical, mechanical, and metallurgical properties of copper materials, including bronze and their alloys with other metals. These materials when in the raw form are fabricated into basic shapes like sheets, strips, plates, bars, beams, disks, rods, wires, and ingots. Conversely, finished products are molded into more complicated shapes according to their intended purpose such as pipes and tubes. Moreover, as judged fit, these materials are utilized for bridges and turntables, locomotive parts, pressure vessels, heat exchangers and condensers, electrolytic cathodes, machine bearings, and air conditioning and refrigeration components. These copper standards are helpful in guiding metallurgical laboratories and refineries, product manufacturers, and other end-users of copper and its alloys in their proper processing and application procedures to ensure their quality towards safe use.

Copper Standards

ASTM's copper standards are instrumental in classifying, evaluating, and specifying the material, chemical, mechanical, and metallurgical properties of copper materials, including bronze and their alloys with other metals. These materials when in the raw form are fabricated into basic shapes like sheets, strips, plates, bars, beams, disks, rods, wires, and ingots. Conversely, finished products are molded into more complicated shapes according to their intended purpose such as pipes and tubes. Moreover, as judged fit, these materials are utilized for bridges and turntables, locomotive parts, pressure vessels, heat exchangers and condensers, electrolytic cathodes, machine bearings, and air conditioning and refrigeration components. These copper standards are helpful in guiding metallurgical laboratories and refineries, product manufacturers, and other end-users of copper and its alloys in their proper processing and application procedures to ensure their quality towards safe use.

Jump to:

Castings and Ingots for Remelting

B208-14(2021) Standard Practice for Preparing Tension Test Specimens for Copper Alloy Sand, Permanent Mold, Centrifugal, and Continuous Castings

B427-21 Standard Specification for Gear Bronze Alloy Castings

B644-11(2017) Standard Specification for Copper Alloy Addition Agents

B62-17 Standard Specification for Composition Bronze or Ounce Metal Castings

B22/B22M-17 Standard Specification for Bronze Castings for Bridges and Turntables

B824-17 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Copper Alloy Castings

B176-18 Standard Specification for Copper-Alloy Die Castings

B505/B505M-18 Standard Specification for Copper Alloy Continuous Castings

B271/B271M-18 Standard Specification for Copper-Base Alloy Centrifugal Castings

B148-18 Standard Specification for Aluminum-Bronze Sand Castings

B66-15(2021) Standard Specification for Bronze Castings for Steam Locomotive Wearing Parts

B61-15(2021) Standard Specification for Steam or Valve Bronze Castings

B369/B369M-20 Standard Specification for Copper-Nickel Alloy Castings

B30-20 Standard Specification for Copper Alloys in Ingot and Other Remelt Forms

B770-21 Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Alloy Sand Castings for General Applications

B67-14(2022) Standard Specification for Car and Tender Journal Bearings, Lined

B584-14(2022) Standard Specification for Copper Alloy Sand Castings for General Applications

B763/B763M-15(2022) Standard Specification for Copper Alloy Sand Castings for Valve Applications

B806-14(2022) Standard Specification for Copper Alloy Permanent Mold Castings for General Applications

Editorial and Publications

B900-16 Standard Practice for Packaging of Copper and Copper Alloy Mill Products for U.S. Government Agencies

B601-18a Standard Classification for Temper Designations for Copper and Copper Alloys—Wrought and Cast

B950-22 Standard Guide for Editorial Procedures and Form of Product Specifications for Copper and Copper Alloys

Methods of Test

B593-21 Standard Test Method for Bending Fatigue Testing for Copper-Alloy Spring Materials

B820-18 Standard Test Method for Bend Test for Determining the Formability of Copper and Copper Alloy Strip

B428-09(2018) Standard Test Method for Angle of Twist in Rectangular and Square Copper and Copper Alloy Tube

B858-06(2018) Standard Test Method for Ammonia Vapor Test for Determining Susceptibility to Stress Corrosion Cracking in Copper Alloys

B577-19 Standard Test Methods for Detection of Cuprous Oxide (Hydrogen Embrittlement Susceptibility) in Copper

B598-14a Standard Practice for Determining Offset Yield Strength in Tension for Copper Alloys (Withdrawn 2019)

B1019-21 Standard Test Method for Determination of Surface Oxides on Copper Rod(for Electrical Purposes)

B154-16(2022) Standard Test Method for Mercurous Nitrate Test for Copper Alloys

B968/B968M-16(2022) Standard Test Method for Flattening of Copper and Copper-Alloy Pipe and Tube

B153-22 Standard Test Method for Expansion (Pin Test) of Copper and Copper-Alloy Pipe and Tubing

B754-22 Standard Test Method for Measuring and Recording the Deviations from Flatness in Copper and Copper Alloy Strip

Pipe and Tube

B306-20 Standard Specification for Copper Drainage Tube (DWV)

B837-19 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube for Natural Gas and Liquified Petroleum (LP) Gas Fuel Distribution Systems

B819-19 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube for Medical Gas Systems

B1017-21 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper-Iron Tube for Air Conditioning and Refrigeration

B813-16 Standard Specification for Liquid and Paste Fluxes for Soldering of Copper and Copper Alloy Tube

B1018-21 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper-Iron Tube for Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Field Service

B687-99(2016) Standard Specification for Brass, Copper, and Chromium-Plated Pipe Nipples

B188-15e1 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Bus Pipe and Tube

B828-16 Standard Practice for Making Capillary Joints by Soldering of Copper and Copper Alloy Tube and Fittings

B944-11(2016) Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Welded Heat Exchanger and Condenser Tube (UNS No. C17510)

B1003-16 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube for Linesets

B135/B135M-17 Standard Specification for Seamless Brass Tube

B302-17 Standard Specification for Threadless Copper Pipe, Standard Sizes

B643-18 Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Alloy Seamless Tube

B937-18 Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Seamless Tube (UNS Nos. C17500 and C17510)

B395/B395M-18 Standard Specification for U-Bend Seamless Copper and Copper Alloy Heat Exchanger and Condenser Tubes

B706-18 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Alloy (UNS No. C69100) Pipe and Tube

B466/B466M-18 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper-Nickel Pipe and Tube

B543/B543M-18 Standard Specification for Welded Copper and Copper-Alloy Heat Exchanger Tube

B111/B111M-18a Standard Specification for Copper and Copper-Alloy Seamless Condenser Tubes and Ferrule Stock

B359/B359M-18 Standard Specification for Copper and Copper-Alloy Seamless Condenser and Heat Exchanger Tubes With Integral Fins

B608-18 Standard Specification for Welded Copper-Alloy Pipe

B68/B68M-19 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube, Bright Annealed

B919-19 Standard Specification for Welded Copper Heat Exchanger Tubes With Internal Enhancement

B587-19 Standard Specification for Welded Brass Tube

B552-19 Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Copper–Nickel Tubes for Water Desalting Plants

B956-19e1 Standard Specification for Welded Copper and Copper-Alloy Condenser and Heat Exchanger Tubes with Integral Fins

B315-19 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Alloy Pipe and Tube

B251/B251M-17 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Seamless Copper and Copper-Alloy Tube

B280-20 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube for Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Field Service

B42-20 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Pipe, Standard Sizes

B43-20 Standard Specification for Seamless Red Brass Pipe, Standard Sizes

B360-20 Standard Specification for Hard-Drawn Copper Capillary Tube for Restrictor Applications

B75/B75M-20 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube

B88-20 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Water Tube

B88M-20 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Water Tube (Metric)

B75M-99(2011) Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube (Metric) (Withdrawn 2011)

B68M-99(2005) Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube, Bright Annealed [Metric] (Withdrawn 2011)

B111M-98e2 Standard Specification for Copper and Copper-Alloy Seamless Condenser Tubes and Ferrule Stock [Metric] (Withdrawn 2004)

B251M-10 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Seamless Copper and Copper-Alloy Tube [Metric] (Withdrawn 2017)

B135M-10 Standard Specification for Seamless Brass Tube [Metric] (Withdrawn 2017)

B743-12(2020) Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube in Coils

B956/B956M-10e1 Standard Specification for Welded Copper and Copper-Alloy Condenser and Heat Exchanger Tubes with Integral Fins (Withdrawn 2019)

B698/B698M-10(2021) Standard Classification for Seamless Copper and Copper Alloy Plumbing Pipe and Tube

B1014-20 Standard Specification for Welded Copper and Copper Alloy Condenser and Heat Exchanger Tubes with a Textured Surface(s)

B640-12a(2021) Standard Specification for Welded Copper Tube for Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Service

B447-12a(2021) Standard Specification for Welded Copper Tube

B903-15(2022) Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Heat Exchanger Tubes With Internal Enhancement

B372-22 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper and Copper-Alloy Rectangular Waveguide Tube

B467-14(2022) Standard Specification for Welded Copper-Nickel Pipe

Plate, Sheet, and Strip

B96M-93a Standard Specification for Copper-Silicon Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar for General Purposes and Pressure Vessels [Metric] (Withdrawn 1999)

B169-95 Standard Specification for Aluminum Bronze Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar (Withdrawn 2001)

B122/B122M-20 Standard Specification for Copper-Nickel-Tin Alloy, Copper-Nickel-Zinc Alloy (Nickel Silver), and Copper-Nickel Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar

B96/B96M-20 Standard Specification for Copper-Silicon Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar for General Purposes and Pressure Vessels

B591-20a Standard Specification for Copper-Zinc-Tin and Copper-Zinc-Tin-Iron-Nickel Alloys Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar

B465-20 Standard Specification for Copper-Iron Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar

B152/B152M-19 Standard Specification for Copper Sheet, Strip, Plate, and Rolled Bar

B121/B121M-16 Standard Specification for Leaded Brass Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar

B422/B422M-17 Standard Specification for Copper-Aluminum-Silicon-Cobalt Alloy, Copper-Nickel-Silicon-Magnesium Alloy, Copper-Nickel-Silicon Alloy, Copper-Nickel-Aluminum-Magnesium Alloy, and Copper-Nickel-Tin Alloy Sheet and Strip

B131-17 Standard Specification for Copper Alloy Bullet Jacket Cups

B882-10(2018) Standard Specification for Pre-Patinated Copper for Architectural Applications

B171/B171M-18 Standard Specification for Copper-Alloy Plate and Sheet for Pressure Vessels, Condensers, and Heat Exchangers

B36/B36M-18 Standard Specification for Brass Plate, Sheet, Strip, And Rolled Bar

B130-19 Standard Specification for Commercial Bronze Strip for Bullet Jackets

B569-19 Standard Specification for Brass Strip in Narrow Widths and Light Gage for Heat-Exchanger Tubing

B432-19 Standard Specification for Copper and Copper Alloy Clad Steel Plate

B694-19 Standard Specification for Copper, Copper-Alloy, Copper-Clad Bronze (CCB), Copper-Clad Stainless Steel (CCS), and Copper-Clad Alloy Steel (CAS) Sheet and Strip for Electrical Cable Shielding

B936-19 Standard Specification for Copper-Chromium-Iron-Titanium Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip and Rolled Bar

B888/B888M-19 Standard Specification for Copper Alloy Strip for Use in Manufacture of Electrical Connectors or Spring Contacts

B103/B103M-19 Standard Specification for Phosphor Bronze Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar

B592-20 Standard Specification for Copper-Zinc-Aluminum-Cobalt Alloy, Copper-Zinc-Tin-Iron Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar

B747-20 Standard Specification for Copper-Zirconium Alloy Sheet and Strip

B169/B169M-20 Standard Specification for Aluminum Bronze Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar

B19-20 Standard Specification for Cartridge Brass Sheet, Strip, Plate, Bar, and Disks

B100-20 Standard Specification for Wrought Copper-Alloy Bearing and Expansion Plates and Sheets for Bridge and Other Structural Use

B534-20 Standard Specification for Copper-Cobalt-Beryllium Alloy and Copper-Nickel-Beryllium Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar

B171M-96 Standard Specification for Copper-Alloy Plate and Sheet for Pressure Vessels, Condensers and Heat Exchangers [Metric] (Withdrawn 1999)

B740-21 Standard Specification for Copper-Nickel-Tin Spinodal Alloy Strip

B768-22 Standard Specification for Copper-Cobalt-Beryllium Alloy and Copper-Nickel-Beryllium Alloy Strip and Sheet

B248M-22 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Copper and Copper-Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar (Metric)

B370-22 Standard Specification for Copper Sheet and Strip for Building Construction

B506-22 Standard Specification for Copper-Clad Stainless Steel Sheet and Strip for Building Construction

B508-22 Standard Specification for Copper Alloy Strip for Flexible Metal Hose

B129-22 Standard Specification for Cartridge Brass Cartridge Case Cups

B248-22 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Copper and Copper-Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar

B101-22 Standard Specification for Lead-Coated Copper Sheet and Strip for Building Construction

B194-22 Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar

Refined Copper

B115-10(2021) Standard Specification for Electrolytic Copper Cathode

B224-16 Standard Classification of Coppers

B5-16 Standard Specification for High Conductivity Tough-Pitch Copper Refinery Shapes

B49-20 Standard Specification for Copper Rod for Electrical Purposes

B170-99(2020) Standard Specification for Oxygen-Free Electrolytic Copper—Refinery Shapes

B379-20 Standard Specification for Phosphorized Coppers—Refinery Shapes

B216-22 Standard Specification for Tough-Pitch Fire-Refined Copper—Refinery Shapes

Rod, Bar, Wire, Shapes and Forgings

B21-96 Standard Specification for Naval Brass Rod, Bar, and Shapes

B139-95 Standard Specification for Phosphor Bronze Rod, Bar, and Shapes (Withdrawn 2001)

B16M-92 Standard Specification for Free-Cutting Brass Rod, Bar, and Shapes for Use in Screw Machines [Metric] (Withdrawn 2000)

B138-96 Standard Specification for Manganese Bronze Rod, Bar and Shapes (Withdrawn 2001)

B150-98e2 Standard Specification for Aluminum Bronze Rod, Bar, and Shapes (Withdrawn 2002)

B196-95a Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Alloy Rod and Bar

B453-96 Standard Specification for Copper-Zinc-Lead Alloy (Leaded-Brass) Rod (Withdrawn 2001)

B938-04 Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Alloy Forgings and Extrusions (UNS Nos. C17500 and C17510) (Withdrawn 2010)

B250/B250M-19 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Copper Alloy Wire

B16/B16M-19 Standard Specification for Free-Cutting Brass Rod, Bar and Shapes for Use in Screw Machines

B134/B134M-15(2021) Standard Specification for Brass Wire

B99/B99M-15(2021) Standard Specification for Copper-Silicon Alloy Wire for General Applications

B441-16 Standard Specification for Copper-Cobalt-Beryllium, Copper-Nickel-Beryllium, and Copper-Nickel-Lead-Beryllium Rod and Bar (UNS Nos. C17500, C17510, and C17465)

F68-16 Standard Specification for Oxygen-Free Copper in Wrought Forms for Electron Devices

B570-16 Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Alloy (UNS Nos. C17000 and C17200) Forgings and Extrusions

B1001-17 Standard Specification for Copper Electrode Wire Used for Welding Seams of Steel Cans

B138/B138M-11(2017) Standard Specification for Manganese Bronze Rod, Bar, and Shapes

B139/B139M-12(2017) Standard Specification for Phosphor Bronze Rod, Bar, and Shapes

B206/B206M-12(2017) Standard Specification for Copper-Nickel-Zinc (Nickel Silver) Wire and Copper-Nickel Alloy Wire

B929-17 Standard Specification for Copper-Nickel-Tin Spinodal Alloy Rod and Bar

B927/B927M-17 Standard Specification for Brass Rod, Bar, and Shapes

B159/B159M-17 Standard Specification for Phosphor Bronze Wire

B967/B967M-18 Standard Specification for Copper-Zinc-Tin-Bismuth Alloy Rod, Bar and Wire

B98/B98M-13(2019) Standard Specification for Copper-Silicon Alloy Rod, Bar and Shapes

B411/B411M-14(2019) Standard Specification for Copper-Nickel-Silicon Alloy Rod and Bar

B272-12(2019) Standard Specification for Copper Flat Products with Finished (Rolled or Drawn) Edges (Flat Wire and Strip)

B150/B150M-19 Standard Specification for Aluminum Bronze Rod, Bar, and Shapes

B371/B371M-19 Standard Specification for Copper-Zinc-Silicon Alloy Rod

B453/B453M-19 Standard Specification for Copper-Zinc-Lead Alloy (Leaded-Brass) Rod, Bar, and Shapes

B981/B981M-19 Standard Specification for Low-Leaded Brass Rod, Bar, Wire, and Shapes

B196/B196M-18 Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Alloy Rod and Bar

B21/B21M-20 Standard Specification for Naval Brass Rod, Bar, and Shapes

B124/B124M-20 Standard Specification for Copper and Copper Alloy Forging Rod, Bar, and Shapes

B283/B283M-20 Standard Specification for Copper and Copper-Alloy Die Forgings (Hot-Pressed)

B249/B249M-20 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Copper and Copper-Alloy Rod, Bar, Shapes and Forgings

B105-05(2020) Standard Specification for Hard-Drawn Copper Alloy Wires for Electric Conductors

B151/B151M-20 Standard Specification for Copper-Nickel-Zinc Alloy (Nickel Silver) and Copper-Nickel Rod and Bar

B455/B455M-20 Standard Specification for Copper-Zinc-Lead Alloy (Leaded-Brass) Extruded Shapes

B301/B301M-13(2020) Standard Specification for Free-Cutting Copper Rod, Bar, Wire, and Shapes

B159M-96ae1 Standard Specification for Phosphor Bronze Wire [Metric] (Withdrawn 2001)

B187/B187M-20 Standard Specification for Copper, Bus Bar, Rod, and Shapes and General Purpose Rod, Bar, and Shapes

B197/B197M-20 Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Alloy Wire

B974/B974M-16(2021) Standard Specification for Free-Cutting Bismuth Brass Rod, Bar and Wire

B150M-95a Standard Specification for Aluminum Bronze, Rod, Bar, and Shapes [Metric] (Withdrawn 2002)

B138M-96 Standard Specification for Manganese Bronze Rod, Bar and Shapes [Metric] (Withdrawn 2001)

B250M-95 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Copper Alloy Wire [Metric] (Withdrawn 2001)

B301M-96 Standard Specification for Free-Cutting Copper Rod and Bar [Metric] (Withdrawn 1999)

B139M-95 Standard Specification for Phosphor Bronze Rod, Bar, and Shapes [Metric] (Withdrawn 2001)

B453M-96 Standard Specification for Copper-Zinc-Lead Alloy (Leaded-Brass) Rod [Metric] (Withdrawn 2001)

B197M-93 Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Alloy Wire [Metric] (Withdrawn 1998)

B196M-97 Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Alloy Rod and Bar [Metric] (Withdrawn 2001)

B870-21 Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Alloy Forgings and Extrusions (UNS Nos. C17500, C17510, and C17540)

B140/B140M-12(2022) Standard Specification for Copper-Zinc-Lead (Red Brass or Hardware Bronze) Rod, Bar, and Shapes

B133M-93A Specification for Copper Rod, Bar, And Shapes Metric (Withdrawn 1994)

Terminology

B846-19a Standard Terminology for Copper and Copper Alloys