ASTM's ferroalloy and casting standards are instrumental in classifying, evaluating, and specifying the material, chemical, mechanical, and metallurgical properties of iron alloys and their castings. The iron castings can be of the ferritic, austenitic, gray, cupola, pearlitic, ductile, or malleable types. The end-products to which these materials are produced from include valves, flanges, pipe fittings, plumbing systems, sanitary pipes, and pressure vessels. These ferroalloy and casting standards are helpful in guiding metallurgical laboratories and refineries, product manufacturers, and other end-users of cast iron and its alloys in their proper processing and application procedures to ensure their quality towards safe use.

Cast Iron Standards

ASTM's ferroalloy and casting standards are instrumental in classifying, evaluating, and specifying the material, chemical, mechanical, and metallurgical properties of iron alloys and their castings. The iron castings can be of the ferritic, austenitic, gray, cupola, pearlitic, ductile, or malleable types. The end-products to which these materials are produced from include valves, flanges, pipe fittings, plumbing systems, sanitary pipes, and pressure vessels. These ferroalloy and casting standards are helpful in guiding metallurgical laboratories and refineries, product manufacturers, and other end-users of cast iron and its alloys in their proper processing and application procedures to ensure their quality towards safe use.

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Editorial Matters and Nomenclature

A644-17 Standard Terminology Relating to Iron Castings

Gaskets and Coupling for Plumbing and Sewer Piping

C1460-21 Standard Specification for Shielded Transition Couplings for Use with Dissimilar DWV Pipe and Fittings Above Ground

C1563-08(2021) Standard Test Method for Gaskets for Use in Connection with Hub and Spigot Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings for Sanitary Drain, Waste, Vent, and Storm Piping Applications

C1541-12(2017) Standard Specification for Shielded Transition Couplings Using Flexible Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Gaskets to Connect Dissimilar DWV Pipe and Fittings (Withdrawn 2022)

A1045-10(2021) Standard Specification for Flexible Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Gaskets Used in Connection of Vitreous China Plumbing Fixtures to Sanitary Drainage Systems

C1461-21 Standard Specification for Mechanical Couplings Using Thermoplastic Elastomeric (TPE) Gaskets for Joining Drain, Waste, and Vent (DWV), Sewer, Sanitary, and Storm Plumbing Systems for Above and Below Ground Use

C1440-21 Standard Specification for Thermoplastic Elastomeric (TPE) Gasket Materials for Drain, Waste, and Vent (DWV), Sewer, Sanitary, and Storm Plumbing Systems

A1056-20 Standard Specification for Cast Iron Couplings Used for Joining Hubless Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings

C564-20a Standard Specification for Rubber Gaskets for Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings

C1277-20 Standard Specification for Shielded Couplings Joining Hubless Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings

C1540-20 Standard Specification for Heavy-Duty Shielded Couplings Joining Hubless Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings

C1173-22 Standard Specification for Flexible Transition Couplings for Underground Piping Systems

Grey and White Iron Castings

A748/A748M-87(2018) Standard Specification for Statically Cast Chilled White Iron-Gray Iron Dual Metal Rolls for Pressure Vessel Use

A667/A667M-87(2018) Standard Specification for Centrifugally Cast Dual Metal (Gray and White Cast Iron) Cylinders

A942/A942M-95(2018) Standard Specification for Centrifugally Cast White Iron/Gray Iron Dual Metal Abrasion-Resistant Roll Shells

A518/A518M-99(2018) Standard Specification for Corrosion-Resistant High-Silicon Iron Castings

A126-04(2019) Standard Specification for Gray Iron Castings for Valves, Flanges, and Pipe Fittings

A532/A532M-10(2019) Standard Specification for Abrasion-Resistant Cast Irons

A823-99(2019) Standard Specification for Statically Cast Permanent Mold Gray Iron Castings

A278/A278M-01(2020) Standard Specification for Gray Iron Castings for Pressure-Containing Parts for Temperatures Up to 650 °F (350 °C)

A159-83(2020) Standard Specification for Automotive Gray Iron Castings

A319-71(2020) Standard Specification for Gray Iron Castings for Elevated Temperatures for Non-Pressure-Containing Parts

A436-84(2020) Standard Specification for Austenitic Gray Iron Castings

A834-95(2020) Standard Specification for Common Requirements for Iron Castings for General Industrial Use

A48/A48M-22 Standard Specification for Gray Iron Castings

Malleable and Ductile Iron Castings

A897/A897M-16 Standard Specification for Austempered Ductile Iron Castings

A395/A395M-99(2018) Standard Specification for Ferritic Ductile Iron Pressure-Retaining Castings for Use at Elevated Temperatures

A602-94(2018) Standard Specification for Automotive Malleable Iron Castings

A476/A476M-00(2018) Standard Specification for Ductile Iron Castings for Paper Mill Dryer Rolls

A842-11A(2018)e1 Standard Specification for Compacted Graphite Iron Castings

A874/A874M-98(2018)e1 Standard Specification for Ferritic Ductile Iron Castings Suitable for Low-Temperature Service

A220/A220M-99(2018)e1 Standard Specification for Pearlitic Malleable Iron

A338-84(2018) Standard Specification for Malleable Iron Flanges, Pipe Fittings, and Valve Parts for Railroad, Marine, and Other Heavy-Duty Service at Temperatures Up to 650 °F (345 °C)

A439/A439M-18 Standard Specification for Austenitic Ductile Iron Castings

A47/A47M-99(2018)e1 Standard Specification for Ferritic Malleable Iron Castings

A536-84(2019)e1 Standard Specification for Ductile Iron Castings

A197/A197M-00(2019) Standard Specification for Cupola Malleable Iron

A571/A571M-01(2019) Standard Specification for Austenitic Ductile Iron Castings for Pressure-Containing Parts Suitable for Low-Temperature Service

A1095-15(2019) Standard Specification for High-Silicon Molybdenum Ferritic Iron Castings

A571M-84(1997) Standard Specification for Austenitic Ductile Iron Castings for Pressure-Containing Parts Suitable for Low-Temperature Service [Metric] (Withdrawn 2001)

A897M-90(1997) Standard Specification for Austempered Ductile Iron Castings [Metric] (Withdrawn 2001)

Pipes and Tubes

A74-21 Standard Specification for Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings

A1118-21 Standard Index of Specifications for Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings

A861-04(2017) Standard Specification for High-Silicon Iron Pipe and Fittings

A1109-18 Standard Specification for Special Fittings for Single-Stack Hubless Cast Iron Soil Pipe Fittings for Sanitary, Waste, and Vent Piping Applications

A674-18 Standard Practice for Polyethylene Encasement for Ductile Iron Pipe for Water or Other Liquids

A377-18 Standard Index of Specifications for Ductile Iron Pressure Pipe

A746-18 Standard Specification for Ductile Iron Gravity Sewer Pipe

A716-18 Standard Specification for Ductile Iron Culvert Pipe

A1111-18 Standard Specification for Cast Iron Closet Flanges for Use With Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings in Gravity Flow Plumbing Drain, Waste, and Vent Sanitary Applications

A888-21a Standard Specification for Hubless Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings for Sanitary and Storm Drain, Waste, and Vent Piping Applications

Testing

A438-80(1997) Standard Test Method for Transverse Testing of Gray Cast Iron (Withdrawn 2003)

A993-98 Standard Test Method for Dynamic Tear Testing of Cast Irons to Establish Transition Temperature (Withdrawn 2004)

A247-19 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Microstructure of Graphite in Iron Castings

A327M-91(2006) Standard Test Methods for Impact Testing of Cast Irons (Metric) (Withdrawn 2011)

A327/A327M-22 Standard Test Methods for Impact Testing of Cast Irons

A367-22 Standard Test Methods for Chill Testing of Cast Iron