In this investigation, 12-mm thickness naval grade high-strength low-alloy steel plates were welded by rotating arc-gas metal arc welding (RA-GMAW) and stationary arc-gas metal arc welding (SA-GMAW) processes. The main objective of this work was to carry out the comparative analysis of mechanical properties and microstructural characteristics of the joints fabricated by the outlined welding processes. From this experimental work, it is found that the ultimate tensile strength, yield strength, and impact toughness of the RA-GMAW joint are 15 % higher than those of the SA-GMAW joint. This is because of the formation of a higher volume percentage of acicular ferrite microstructure and island martensite/austenite constituent in the weld metal region of the RA-GMAW joint. Moreover, from the productivity point of view, the number of passes in the RA-GMAW process was minimized to three (from six passes), and the width of the heat-affected zone was also reduced by 45 % to SA-GMAW processes. Overall, the RA-GMAW joints are found to have superior mechanical properties and microstructural characteristics compared to SA-GMAW joints.
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