To improve tribological properties of components, different kinds of textures are added to their surfaces. Although the added imprints or craters are only few tens of micrometers wide and a few micrometers deep, they form an initial crack from which a fatigue crack may propagate. In this article, a numerical approach for calculating the fatigue life of a body with present micro-imprints with standard finite-element software will be presented. The objective is to show how the imprint shape and its manufacturing process influences the fatigue life. The considered specimens are round bodies that were made from Boehler K890 microclean cold-working steel. Three shapes of the imprints are studied: the imprints produced by a Vickers pyramid and a Rockwell cone and a half-spherical crater void produced by a laser device. The flat-surface round body served as a reference. The imprint shape and its manufacturing process is also considered. For this reason, a simulation of impression of Vickers and Rockwell indenters is simulated first, which is followed by a numerical fatigue-life prediction. In this manner, the residual stresses from the imprinting process are considered during the fatigue-life prediction. For the laser-induced craters and the reference body, only the fatigue life is numerically predicted. Because the material inhomogeneities are much smaller than the geometrical ones, the calculated fatigue lives for different texturing represent the fatigue-life reduction caused by the applied textures. To validate the presented numerical approach, the calculated fatigue lives are compared to the experimentally determined.
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