The correlation of microstructure and mechanical properties in simulated heat affected zone (HAZ) of a low carbon bainitic steel plate of thickness 28 mm using single and multiple thermal cycles was investigated in the Gleeble 3800 Thermo Mechanical Simulator. Optical microscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, hardness, and impact strength measurements were done to characterize the weld HAZ simulated steel samples. Peak temperatures (Tp) of 1300, 1150, 1000, 900, 800, 700, and 600°C with heat input 50 kJ/cm were used for single pass weld. In two pass weld cycles, peak temperature (Tp1) 1300°C, and (Tp2) of 1100, 1000, 900, 800, and 700°C were used. This heat input is in line with the submerged arc welding (SAW) process extensively used in the fabrication of ship building industries. The impact toughness of weld HAZ simulated specimens was determined at −50°C by using a Charpy impact tester. Best impact toughness values (minimum 75 J) in weld HAZ simulated specimen were observed at the peak temperatures from 600 to 1150°C in single pass weld and from 1000 to 1100°C in two pass weld HAZ thermal cycles.
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