This chapter discusses all technical and management aspects of a tank farm in a typical refinery. It starts with the discussion of various types of tanks such as the cylindrical and spherical tanks used in a typical refinery. It then presents design methodologies to estimate the storage requirement on the basis of refinery complexity and the mode of crude and product receipts and dispatch. The chapter also discusses process parameters, their methods to measure them by a tank gauging system, and how to calculate tank inventory using these measured parameters. Next, the methods and technology to measure/estimate tank qualities and fugitive emissions are discussed. The chapter discusses the oil movement and storage system in a refinery and presents the design concept, control technology, and economic analysis to justify and implement an oil movement and storage (OM&S) project. Lastly, the chapter covers refinery terminal operations and enumerates problems and challenges of marine, truck, railcar, and pipeline terminals.
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