MANUAL Published: 29 April 2013

Design Aspects of Separation Units and Processing Equipment


This chapter presents the principles of design and operation of major refinery separation units, including desalting, distillation, absorption and stripping, liquid-liquid extraction, and filtration, along with the heat-transfer equipment, phase separators, pumps, and compressors used in petroleum refining and natural gas processing. With the information presented in this chapter, one can calculate the height, diameter, and thickness of a distillation column, feed entry location, heat requirement for the column, and rate of heat removal in a condenser. Similar calculations for gas absorption and extraction columns are presented. Heat requirements and related design calculations for heat exchangers, furnaces, and heat transfer units are also presented. Some basic calculations and information about pumps and compressors are provided.

Author Information

Rodwell, M., C.
Fluor Canada, Ltd., Calgary, Alberta, CA
Riazi, M., R.
Kuwait University, KW
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Developed by Committee: D02
Pages: 305–353
DOI: 10.1520/MNL5820131212513
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-8681-1
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-7022-3