MANUAL Published: 2005

An Introduction to the Development and Use of the Master Curve Method

Author(s): ["D. E. McCabe"," J. G. Merkle"," K. Wallin"]

This new ASTM manual introduces the concept of the Master Curve Method so it can be understood and used by engineers who have had limited exposure to elastic-plastic fracture mechanics and/or advanced statistical methods. It addresses the practical design-related problem of defining the ductile-to-brittle fracture transition temperature of structural steels directly in terms of fracture mechanics data.

Topics cover:
• Background and historical aspects
• Data validity requirements imposed on test data, and the number of data required to constitute a statistically useable data set for determining a reference temperature, To
• Test specimens that can be used to develop valid KJc
• Fixturing and test equipment needs
• Preparation of specimens (precracking and side-grooving) for testing
• Test machines, their mode of operation, and recommended specimen loading rates
• All of the information needed to calculate values of KJc
• Scale parameter statistical equations for material testing
• Second option for calculating the To temperature that is useable when KJc data have been generated at various test temperatures
• How the variability of KJc values is handled using the three-parameter Weibull model
• Information on concepts under study
• Brief discussion of important considerations involved in directly applying Master Curve fracture toughness data to the fracture-safety analysis of actual structures

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Developed by Committee: E08
Pages: 66
DOI: 10.1520/MNL52-EB
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-4559-7
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-3368-6