Infrared (IR) spectroscopy is a versatile tool for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of petroleum, petroleum products, and lubricants. Infrared spectroscopy allows for the identification of molecular functional groups and, in some instances, molecular constituents. Quantitative analysis is accomplished by application of Beer's law, either using simple univariate calibration curves based on peak height/area, or more sophisticated multivariate methods. IR is applicable for laboratory, at-line, and on-line analysis, and it plays a central role in condition monitoring of in-service lubricants.
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