Biodeterioration includes all of the direct and indirect processes by which organisms adversely affect systems and products. This chapter opens with an introduction to fundamental microbiological topics, understanding of which is essential to the subsequent discussion of biodeterioration processes and their detection and control. Although fuels, metalworking fluids, and other lubricants share many similarities, each presents unique challenges to biodeterioration detection and control. Consequently, the chapter subdivides the primary topics into subsections based on fluid and fluid-system type. This chapter provides a broad but relatively shallow introduction into the subject. The bibliography directs the reader to more in-depth coverage of the major topics covered.
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