MANUAL Published: 17 December 2018

Chapter 16 | White Mineral Oils


White mineral oils are viscous liquids that are derived from petroleum. They are complex mixtures of saturated hydrocarbons including straight chain, branched chain, and ring structures, some of which have all three configurations. The relative concentration of straight or branched-chain hydrocarbons (paraffins) and the saturated-ring structures (naphthenes) determines the oils' identity as being paraffinic or naphthalenic. Many different standard-setting groups in the food, medical, and cosmetic industries, as well as other individual trade associations representing specific applications, define the chemical and physical properties of white mineral oils. Uses and applications are identified by national regulatory agencies along with distinct material specifications. As defined by the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) and National Formulary (NF) standard, “white mineral oil is a ‘purified' mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum. It may contain a suitable stabilizer”.

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Welch, William
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Developed by Committee: D02
Pages: 249–256
DOI: 10.1520/MNL120170014
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-7109-1
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-7108-4