With the advancement of information technology, innovation health education has achieved unprecedented growth and has fully penetrated into the ideological and political health education research. The purpose of this article is to analyze the sharing concept of the effectiveness of ideological and political teaching in colleges and universities from the perspective of innovative education and how to take effective measures to seize the opportunity of innovative education, maximize the use of favorable conditions, reduce adverse effects, and improve efficiency in colleges and universities teaching reform of ideological and political courses. This research is based on the perspective of innovative education and focuses on the common concept of the effectiveness of ideological and political education. Through literature analysis, systematic research, multidisciplinary integrated research, and analytic hierarchy, the effectiveness of the teaching of ideological and political courses in universities focuses on the issue of shared ideas for research. A series of effective measures are put forward to address the issue of shared ideas about the effectiveness of university politics course teaching. The experimental results of this research show that the actual effect of university ideology and political theory courses is through the establishment of a practical teaching level model of ideological and political theory courses in universities, and it exists in the effectiveness of current political courses. Forms (60.2 %) accounted for the largest proportion, followed by unsatisfactory practical effects (40.5 %), and the least problematic was the irregular organization of practical teaching (22.6 %). Therefore, in the perspective of innovative education, we should strengthen the ideological and political theory teaching in colleges and universities to share the concept of development and improve the effectiveness of teaching. In addition, colleges and universities should pay attention to “shared culture,” realize shared culture, strengthen the combination of the two in ideological and political education, improve the students’ shared culture system, promote the vigorous development of socialist culture, so as to achieve a harmonious society.