In order to reduce the energy consumption of sensor transfer nodes in atmospheric environment monitoring, the energy-saving configuration of embedded sensor transfer nodes in the Internet of Things (IOT) for dust movement monitoring in the atmospheric environment is proposed. Firstly, the wireless sensor network technology is analyzed. Combined with the characteristics of data transmission in the process of dust movement monitoring in the atmospheric environment, the energy-saving configuration of an embedded sensor transfer node in the Internet of Things is designed, and sleep scheduling is introduced into the data transmission module. According to the spatial correlation of dust movement in the atmosphere, different state areas are divided, and the optimal node is selected as the representative node of the monitoring area data transmission to reduce energy consumption of nodes. The simulation results show that the time of dead nodes is about 150 rounds, and the energy consumption is kept at 0.0025 J/round, and it is basically stable without obvious energy consumption fluctuation. It realizes the energy saving of specialized nodes in sensors and improves the operation life of sensor networks. It has certain research value.
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