Journal Published Online: 27 April 2020
Volume 49, Issue 5

Ratcheting Examination of 1045 Notched Steel Plates under Low-High and High-Low Sequences



The present study examines the ratcheting response of 1045 notched steel plates undergoing uniaxial step-loading cycles. Loading steps were applied with different Low-High and High-Low sequences. Ratcheting tests were conducted on notched samples, and average local strains were measured with the use of strain gauges mounted in the vicinity of notch roots. Measured ratcheting strains near notch roots were found as high as 10 times those of tests conducted on unnotched samples. The magnitude of applied cyclic load as well as notch diameter influenced local ratcheting strain at the vicinity of the notch root. The lower nominal load level over the first step in the Low-High sequence substantially promoted ratcheting magnitude over subsequent loading steps with higher load magnitudes. In the High-Low loading sequence, the previous load step with higher magnitude retarded the local accumulated plastic strain of the subsequent step with a lower load level. The plastic zone at the notch root was affected over the loading steps. Microhardness tests were conducted at several positions within a small area of 1.5 by 4 mm near the notch root to map the plastic zone and its progress after each loading step. Microhardness data collected at the notch region verified an enlarged plastic zone over the Low-High loading sequence, while the plastic zone for the High-Low loading sequence was estimated about 50 % smaller in size. Cracking at the notch root and fracture surface taken within the plastic zone were examined through optical and scanning electron microscopies.

Author Information

Kolasangiani, K.
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
Shariati, M.
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
Varvani-Farahani, A.
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada
Pages: 16
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Stock #: JTE20190728
ISSN: 0090-3973
DOI: 10.1520/JTE20190728