Because of measurement errors and unknown influential input process parameters, unavoidable scatter can be expected in the nonlinear output response of repeated experiments. The Taguchi method suggests an orthogonal array for identifying optimum input process parameters by performing a few tests and confirming through experiments (if necessary). This article provides a simple methodology and its validation by tracing the optimum gas metal arc welding (GMAW) process parameters on the %weld dilution of ST-37 steel plates. It is possible to specify the expected range of the weld dilution for the GMAW process parameters.
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