Journal Published Online: 31 August 2018
Volume 48, Issue 2

In-Place Estimation of Concrete Compressive Strength Using Postinstalled Pullout Test – A Case Study



It was proposed that a 16-story steel framing structure be built on top of an existing 12-year-old 1-story reinforced-concrete structure. The in-place concrete compressive strength of 3 footings and 29 plinths was estimated using a postinstalled pullout test and a core compressive strength test. The influence of different length-to-diameter ratios of the cores and different diameters of cores and the correlation between maximum pullout force and core compressive strength were investigated. The results of the pullout test and core strength test indicate that the concrete compressive strength of footings and plinths was considered structurally adequate as per the acceptance criteria for tested core strength and estimated core strength given by ACI 318, Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete and Commentary, and ACI 228.1R, In-Place Methods to Estimate Concrete Strength, respectively. Maximum pullout force had a strong correlation with the core compressive strength. The influence of the different length-to-diameter ratio of cores on the strength correlation was not significant if the raw results of the compressive strength tests were corrected by multiplying the corresponding correction factors for the length-to-diameter ratio given by ASTM C42, Standard Test Method for Obtaining and Testing Drilled Cores and Sawed Beams of Concrete. The mixed use of the test results of 3.20 and 3.74-in. (81-mm and 95-mm) cores resulted in a decrease in the R2 of the correlation model, compared to that of the correlation model based on 3.74-in. (95-mm) cores. This was attributed to the potentially increased testing error as the diameter of the cores decreased. Recommendations for successfully performing postinstalled pullout tests in the field were proposed. With the use of pullout tests, the project team was able to determine that the existing structural members had sufficient capacity. A delay in the project schedule was avoided.

Author Information

Li, Zhengqi
Terracon Consultants, Inc., Houston, TX, USA
Desai, Jigar
Terracon Consultants, Inc., Houston, TX, USA
Bullock, Wesley
Terracon Consultants, Inc., Houston, TX, USA
Pages: 15
Price: $25.00
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Stock #: JTE20170697
ISSN: 0090-3973
DOI: 10.1520/JTE20170697