The shape of run-length distribution changes with process shifts. This leads to complexity in interpreting the average run length performance. In this article, we show that the percentiles of the run-length distribution, especially the median run length (MRL), are more intuitive. The 5th and 95th percentiles of the run-length distribution are also provided in order to investigate the variation and spread of the run length. We develop two new optimal-design procedures for the exponentially weighted moving average (EWMA) charts, for monitoring the coefficient-of-variation (CV) squared (EWMA-γ2). These include minimization of the out-of-control MRL and the out-of-control expected MRL for deterministic and unknown shift sizes, respectively. Both the zero and steady states are discussed in this article. The optimal EWMA-γ2 chart is illustrated with real industrial data obtained from a metal sintering process. A comparative study reveals the superiority of the EWMA-γ2 charts for certain ranges of shifts in the CV.
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