Journal Published Online: 25 October 2016
Volume 45, Issue 5

Challenges in Compression Testing of 3D Angle-Interlocked Woven-Glass Fabric-Reinforced Polymeric Composites



In this paper, the challenges are described in determination of compressive strength for three-dimensional (3D) angle-interlocked glass fabric-reinforced polymeric composites (3D-FRPCs). It makes use of both experimental investigation and finite-element analysis. The experimental investigation involved testing both two dimensional (2D) and 3D-FRPC using ASTM D6641/D6641M-14 and subsequent scanning electron microscopic (SEM) imaging of failed specimens to reveal the stress state at failure. This was further evaluated using laminate level finite-element (FE) analysis. The FE analysis required input of effective orthotropic elastic material properties of 3D-FRPC, which were determined by customizing a recently developed micro-mechanical model. The paper sheds new light on compressive failure of 3D angle-interlocked glass fabric composites, as only scarce data is available in literature about this class of materials. It showed that although the tests produce acceptable strength values the internal failure mechanisms change significantly and the standard deviation (SD) and coefficient of variance (COV) of 3D-FRPC ends up being much higher than that of 2D-FRPC. Moreover, while reporting and using the test data, some additional information about the 3D-fabric architecture, such as the direction of angle interlocking fabric, needs to be specified. This was because, for 3D angle interlocking of fabric along the warp direction, the strength values obtained in the warp and weft direction were significantly different from each other. The study also highlights that, because of complex weave architecture, it is not possible to achieve comparable volume fractions with 2D and 3D fabric-reinforced composites using similar manufacturing parameters for the vacuum-assisted resin-infusion process. Thus, the normalized compressive strength values (normalized with respect to volume fraction) are the highest for 3D-FRPC when measured along the warp direction, they are at an intermediate level for 2D-FRPC and the lowest for 3D-FRPC, when measured in the weft direction.

Author Information

Shah, S.
National Univ. of Science and Technology, Islamabad, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, PK
Choudhry, R.
HITEC Univ., Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Taxila, PK
Khan, L.
Centre of Excellence in Applied Sciences and Technology (CESAT), Islamabad, PK
Pages: 22
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Stock #: JTE20160191
ISSN: 0090-3973
DOI: 10.1520/JTE20160191