Journal Published Online: 29 January 2016
Volume 45, Issue 2

Determination of Dynamic Modulus Values of Asphalt Mixtures Using Impact Resonance Testing of Thin Disk Specimens



The impact resonance (IR) test is a nondestructive test method that is used to characterize the linear viscoelastic behavior of asphalt concrete. This method is preferred over other methods because the setup of the IR test is simpler, more efficient, and less expensive than standard axial compression dynamic modulus (|E*|) tests. Researchers originally developed the IR test method for cylindrical specimens of asphalt mixtures and concluded that this method can serve as an alternative to |E*| tests. However, the geometry (100 mm in diameter by 150 mm in height) of the cylindrical specimens used in these tests prohibits the use of IR tests for field cores. Therefore, researchers began to consider thin disk-shaped specimens for IR testing because thinner geometry of such specimens better represents slices of field cores. In this study, a test procedure was developed to evaluate the use of thin disk-shaped specimens for IR tests in order to determine the |E*| values of asphalt mixtures. The IR test protocol was optimized using 2 IR test methods (referred to as Case 1 and Case 2 in this work) under various test conditions to ensure the highest possible quality of the data. Optimal test methods were proposed based on the repeatability and variability of the resonant frequency and phase angle data and the ability of the different test conditions to provide data that best match the |E*| values obtained from standard axial compression |E*| tests. The results demonstrate that the |E*| values of thin disk-shaped specimens determined from the optimized IR tests are similar to the |E*| values of long cylindrical specimens determined from conventional |E*| AASHTO T 342-11 tests and IR tests.

Author Information

Kim, D.
Department of Civil, Construction, & Environmental Engineering, North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC, US
Kim, Y.
Department of Civil, Construction, & Environmental Engineering, North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC, US
Pages: 12
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Stock #: JTE20150076
ISSN: 0090-3973
DOI: 10.1520/JTE20150076