Journal Published Online: 10 November 2015
Volume 44, Issue 6

Characteristics of a Surfactant Produced Warm Mix Asphalt Binder and Workability of the Mixture



Warm mix asphalt (WMA) technologies significantly reduced the mixing and compaction temperatures in the construction of asphalt pavement, which thus lowered the energy consumption and gas emissions. Different types of WMA additives have been developed and applied in the past decade. However, there are still several concerns associated with the application of WMA technologies. The objective of this study was to address the characteristics of WMA binder produced using a surfactant additive namely, ADDITIVE-A. Two binders, 70 penetration grade (70#) asphalt and 90 penetration grade (90#) asphalt were applied as the base binder to produce the WMA in this study. A portable workability device was presented in this paper to evaluate the torque values of WMAs since the workability is the main property to determine the mixing and compaction temperatures of WMA and a laboratory workability test has yet to be developed. The proper mixing and compaction temperatures were also obtained based on the proposed test. A series of tests, including penetration, softening point, ductility and viscosity of different WMA additive concentrations (0, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, and 0.9 % by the weight of asphalt binder) were conducted to investigate the mechanisms of the surfactant on asphalt binder. The contact angles of WMA binders were tested to investigate the modification mechanism of surfactant additive on asphalt binder. The laboratory tests indicate that the surfactant additive (ADDITIVE-A) makes the asphalt binder softer, more temperature sensitive, and having better low temperature property. However, the surfactant does not show a significant impact on the high temperature property and viscosity. The addition of the surfactant additive increased the workability of asphalt mixture and decreased the mixing and compaction temperatures of asphalt mixture. Based on the workability test results, the 0.7 % concentrations of the ADDITIVE-A provided a more obvious effect to reduce the production temperature of asphalt mixture.

Author Information

Li, Xiaoyan
Mechanical and Civil and Architecture School, Northwestern Polytechnic Univ., Xi'an, CN Key Laboratory for Special Area Highway Engineering of Ministry of Education, Chang'an Univ., Xi’ an, Shaanxi, CN
Wang, Hainian
Key Laboratory for Special Area Highway Engineering of Ministry of Education, Chang'an Univ., Xi’ an, Shaanxi, CN
Zhang, Chen
Highway School, Chang'an Univ., Xi’ an, Shaanxi, CN
Diab, Aboelkasim
Dept. of Civil Engineering, Aswan Univ., EG
You, Zhanping
Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Michigan Technological Univ., Houghton, MI, US
Pages: 12
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Stock #: JTE20140447
ISSN: 0090-3973
DOI: 10.1520/JTE20140447