Journal Published Online: 15 October 2014
Volume 43, Issue 2

Identification of Manholes Beneath Pavements Using RFID and AR Technologies



To reduce the danger due to uneven surfaces because of manholes, lowering manholes into road structures is a good approach to maintain the serviceability of the pavement. However, the vast expanse of road systems quite increases the complexity of manhole identifications when implementing maintenance and rehabilitation (M&R) activities. Hence, an emerging method for finding manholes beneath pavements is needed. In this study, radio frequency identification (RFID) technology is used to identify manholes beneath pavements. RFID tags with cement blocks were buried in dense-grade asphalt concrete at different depths in a metal mold and then were identified using RFID in the laboratory. This study developed an easy-to-use program on an RFID reader to identify RFID tags on-site. The RFID tags attached to covers of manholes beneath pavements can be easily monitored by the program. Augmented reality (AR) technology can aid users in manipulating virtual objects in real environments. This study developed a mobile manhole monitoring system (MMS) and a web-based MMS. The location and information of manholes can be transmitted from the web-based MMS through the Internet and be shown on the mobile MMS based on the AR technology. The time and costs of manhole identification can be significantly decreased and pavement maintenance activities may be implemented in a more timely fashion by using RFID and AR technologies.

Author Information

Yang, Shu-Rong
Department of Civil Engineering, National Pingtung Univ. of Science and Technology, Neipu, Pingtung, TW
Chang, Jia-Ruey
Department of Leisure Industry and Health Promotion, National Ilan Univ., I-Lan, TW
Lin, Heng-Min
Department of Civil Engineering, National Pingtung Univ. of Science and Technology, Neipu, Pingtung, TW
Lin, Kun-Hu
Department of Civil Engineering, National Central Univ., Jhongli City, Taoyuan, TW New Construction Office, Public Work Department, Taipei City Government, Xinyi District, Taipei, TW
Pages: 7
Price: $25.00
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Stock #: JTE20140136
ISSN: 0090-3973
DOI: 10.1520/JTE20140136